**COURSE SYNOPSES **

B. ENG AGRICULTURAL AND BIO-RESOURCES ENGINEERING PROGRAMME CURRICULUM

FIRST SEMESTER 100 LEVEL

CHM 111 GENERAL CHEMISTRY I (3 CREDITS)

Relationship of chemistry to other sciences.Atoms, subatomic particulars.Isotopes, molecules.Avogadro’snumber.Moleconcept.Dalton’stheory.Modern concepts of atomic theory.The laws of chemical combination.Relative atomic masses.Nuclear binding energy, fission and fusion. The states of matter:

**Gases: gas laws. The general gas equation.****Liquid and solids- introduction to lattice structure- isomorphism. Giant molecules.**

Introduction to the periodic Table, hydrogen and hybrids chemistry of groups 0, 1, 11 elements.Acid-base properties of oxides.

CHM 113 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY I (3CREDIT)

(a). General principles of organic chemistry.

I. Introduction: definition of organic chemistry. Classification of organic compounds.Homologousseries.Functional groups.

II. General procedures for isolation and purification of organic compounds.

III. Determination of structure of organic compounds. Elemental analysis percentage composition, empirical and molecular formula, structural formula.

IV. Isomerism, structural isomerism and stereo isomerism.

V. Electronic theory in organic chemistry. Atomic models, quantum numbers, atomic orbital. Hybridization leading to formation of carbon, carbon single, double and triple bond. Hydrogen bounding, electro negativity, dipola moment, polarisation, bond energy, inductive and resonance effects.

(b). Non-polar Functional Group Chemistry

I. Alkanes: structure and physical properties. Substitution actions includingmechanism:

II.Alkenes: structure and physical properties. Reaction: addition (of H2 X2 HX, H2O, 03), etc; oxidation polymerization. Stereo isomerism- definition, geometrical and optical isomers, conditions for optical isomerism.

III. Alkynes, structure. Acidity of acetylenic hydrogen. Reaction: addition of H2, X2,HX, H2, FI2, O, etc. Test for Akynes,

IV. Benzene. Structure and aromaticity of benzene.Introduction to electrophilic substitution reactions.C. Nomenclature: common (trivial) names, IUPAC names of classes of compound

MTH 111 ALGEBRA AND TRIGONOMETRY (3 Credits)

Real number system: simple definition of integers, rational and irrational numbers. The principle of mathematical induction.Real sequences and series; elementary notions of convergence of geometric, arithmetic and other simple series.Theory of quadratic equations. ^Simple inequalities: absolute value and the triangular inequality. Identities partial fractions.Sets and subsets, union, intersection, complements properties of some binary operations of sets; distributive, closure, associative, cumulative laws with examples, relations in a set,;equivalence relation. Properties of set functions and inverse set functions, permutations and combinations.

Binomial theorem for integer n-0 index: circular measure, trigonometric functions of angles of any magnitude. Addition and factor formulae.Complex numbers; algebra of complex numbers, the agrand diagram, De Moivre’s theorem, n-throat of unity.

MTH 112 CALCULUS AND REAL ANALYSIS(3CREDITS)

Elementary functions of a single real variable and their graphs, limit and the idea of continuity. Graphs of simple functions: polynomial, rational, trigonometric, etc, rate of change tangent and normal to a curve. Differentiation: as limit of rate of change of elementary functions, product quotient, function of function rules. Implicit differentiation of trigonometric and inverse trigonometric functions and of exponential functions.Logarithmicand parametric differentiation.Use of binomial expansion for any index. Stationary values of simple functions: maxima, minima and points to inflexion, integration by substitution and by parts. Define integral: volume of revolution, area of surface of evolution. Suitability A,BV,C1,C2.

PHY 111 MECHANICS, THERMAL PHYSICS AND PROPERTIES OF MATTER (3 CREDITS)

a. Mechanics: scalars and vectors: Addition and resolution of vectors. Rectilinear motion and Newton’s law of motion.Inertia mass and gravitational mass; free fall; projectile motion; deflecting forces and circular motion.Newton’s law of gravitation; satellites, escape velocity.Gravitational potential; potential well; special case of circular motion.Momentum and the conservation of a momentum.Work , power energy; units. Potential energy for a gravitational field and elastic bodies; kinetic energy conservation of energy; energy stored in a rotating body. Kinetic energy in elastic collisions.

b. Thermal physics and properties of matter: Temperature, heat, work; heat capacities; second law, Carnot cycle; thermodynamic ideal gas temperature scale. Thermal conductivity; radiation; black body and energy spectrum, Stefan’s law.Kinetic model of a gas: equation of state concept of diffusion, mean free path, molecular speeds, Avogadro’s number behaviour of real gases. A model for a solid: interspatial forces in solids, liquids and gases: physical properties of solids. Crystalline structure: close packing, orderly arrangements, elastic deformation of an ordered structure; interference patterns and crystals.

Model for matter: surface energy and surface tension, plastic deformation; thermal and electrical properties of meals.**Pre-requisite: O-level or WASC.**

PHY 113 VIBRATIONS, WAVES AND OPTICS (3CREDIT)

Periodic motion of an oscillator: velocity and acceleration of a sinusoidal oscillator, equationof motion of a simple harmonic oscillator: damped oscillations; forced oscillations; resonance; propagation of longitudinal and transverse vibrations.

Wave behavior: reflection of waves, stationary waves, propagation of straight and circularpulses; fiber optics, diffraction, refraction, dispersion, interference, coherence and polarization.

Wave and light: mirrors, lenses, formation of images, thin lenses in contact, microscope, telescope: chromatic and spherical aberrations and their reduction, dispersion by prisms: relation between colour and wavelength; spectra.

GST 111 USE OF ENGLISH I (2 CREDITS)

Effective communication and writing English, study skills, language skills, writing of essays; introduction to lexis, sentence construction, outlines and paragraphs.Collection and organization of materials and logical presentation of papers.Use of the library, phonetics, public speaking and oral communication.

GST 112 PHILOSOPHY AND LOGIC(2 CREDITS)

A brief survey of the scope notions, branches, and problems of philosophy.Symbolic logic, special symbols in symbolic logic; conjunction, affirmation negation, disjunction, equivalence and conditional statements.Laws of thought the method of deduction, using rule of inference and bi-conditionals.Quantification theory.

SECOND SEMESTER 1OO LEVEL

CHM122 GENERAL CHEMISTRY II (3 CREDITS)

Acids, bases and salts.Quantitative and qualitative analysis.Theory of volumetric analysis-operations and methods. Calculations: mole, molarity. Behavior of electrolytes.Behavior of electrolytes, water colligative properties.Ostwald’s dilution law.ArheniusBronsted-Lowry; Lewis concepts and applications.Buffers , introduction to reaction rates. Equilibria and equilibrium constants.Solubilityproducts.Common ion effects.Precipitation reactions.

CHM124: ORGANIC CHEMISTRY II (3 CREDITS)

(a) Polar functional Group Chemistry

(i) Hydroxy1 group – Alcohol and phenols. Classification.Acidity-comparison.Important methods of preparation. Reactions: with metals, bases, alky1 halides. Oxidation, dehydration.Tests for alcohols and phenols, importance.

(ii) Carbony1 group – Aldehydes and ketones structure: Physical properties. Important methods of preparation. Reactions: Tollen’s reagent, Fehling’s solution, Benedict’s solution. Iodoform reactions; with HCN NaHSO3; alcohols, including mechanisms, with ammonia, hydrazines and their derivatives, including mechanisms; aldol condensation.Tests for aldehydes and ketones.Importance.

(iii) Carboxylic group: Monocarboxylic acids. Structure.Physicalproperties.Acidity and resonance.Important methods of preparation, from alcohols, aromatic hydrocarbons, through Grignard’s reagent.Reaction with bases.Conversion to esters, amides, halides and anhydrides.Tests for carboxylic acid.Importance.

(iv) Carboxylic acid derivatives: Anhydrides acid halides esters and amides. Change of reactivity when OH of acid is replaced by – Oocor – X –OR, -NR. Reaction with water, alcohols, ammonia and amines LiACH4, NaBH4, Test for esters.

(v) Amino group – Amines. Structure.Physicalproperties.Important methods of preparation.Reaction with acids.Basicity and salt formation; Alkylation, acylation, with nitrous acids.Heinseberg method of separation.Tests for amines.Importance. (b) Miscellaneous Topics

(i) Fats and oils. Definition, importance.Saponification.Soaps and detergents.Modes of cleaning action. Reaction

of soap with hard water, mineral acids. Drying oils, mode of action, use in paints and varnishes.

(ii) Amino acids, Proteins: Definition, classification, essential amino acids, special properties and reactions, isoelectric point, tests. Importance.

(iii) Carbohydrates. Definition, classification, importance, nomenclature, structure and reactions of glucose.Mutoration tests.

(iv) Natural Products. Main classes (other than lipids carbohydrate and proteins); Steriods, terpenoids, alkaloids, prostaglansdens definition, importance, examples.

MTH 123 VECTORS, GEOMETRY AND STATISTICS (3 CREDITS)

I. Vectors and coordinate: Types of vectors: points, line and relative vectors. Geometry representation of vectors in 1-3 dimensions. Addition on vectors and multiplication by a scalar. Components of vectors in 1, 3 dimensions ; direction cosines. Linear independence of vectors.Point of division of a line.Scalar and vector products of two vectors.Simple applications. Two distance between points. Equation of circle, tangent and normal to a circle.Properties of parabola, eclipse hyperbola.Straight lines and planes in space; direction cosines angle between line and between lines and planes; distance of a point from a plane; distance between two skew lines.

II. Statistics: introduction of statistics. Diagrammatic representation of descriptive data.Measures of location and dispersion for ungrouped data. Grouped distribution measures of location and dispersion for grouped data. Problems of grouping associated graphs. Introduction to probability: sample space and event, addition law,

*use of permutation and combination in evaluating product-moment and rank correlation. Linear

correlation; scatter diagram, product-moment and rank correlation. Linear regression

III. Suitability: A, B, C1, C2, D.

MTH125 DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS AND DYNAMICS (3 CREDITS)

**Differential Equations: formation of differential equation of 1st order of the type. Variables, separable, exact, homogeneous and linear, differential equations of the second order with constant coefficients of the form.****Dynamics: resume of simple kinematics of a particle. Differentiation and integration of vectors w.r.t a scalar variable. Application of radial and transverse, normal and tangential components of velocity and acceleration of a particle moving in a plane force, momentum and laws of motion; law of conservation of linear momentum. Motion under gravity, projective.Simple cases of resisted vertical motion.Motion in a circle (horizontal and vertical).Law of conservation of angular momentum.Application of the law of conservation of energy.Work, power and energy.Description of simple harmonic motion (SHM) SHM of a particle attached to an elastic string. Description of simple harmonic motion (SHM of a particle attached to an elastic string or spring. The simple pendulum. Impulse and change in momentum. Direct impact of two smooth sphere, and of a sphere on a smooth plane.****Rigid body motion: moments of inertia, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems. Motion of a rigid body in plane with one point fixed, the compound pendulum. Reactions at the pivot.Pure rolling motion of a rigid body along a straight line.**

PHY109 PRACTICAL PHYSICS (2 CREDITS)

Students are expected to carry out a minimum of 12 major experiments covering the main aspects of the courses taken in the year.

Pre-requisite: O-level or WASC.

PHY 124 ELECTROMAGNETISM AND MODERN PHYSICS (4 CREDITS)

(a) Electromagnetism- 3 Credits

Electric field: strength, flux and the inverse square law; electrostatic force between two charged particles; flux model for the electric field. Energy stored I an electric field, electrical potential due to dipole.

Steady direct currents: simple circuits; potential difference, resistance, power,

electromotive force, Kirchhoff’s laws’ potential divider, slide-wire potentiometer, bridge circuits, combining resistances.

Capacitors: capacitance, combination of dielectrics, energy stored charging/discharging. Electromagnetic effect: electromagnetic forces, electric motors, moving coil galvanometer, ammeter, voltmeter, electromagnetic induction dynamo.

Alternating currents: simple A.C. circuits, transformers, motors and alternating currents.

Magnetic field: the field at the center of a current-carrying flat coil, of a current carrying solenoid, outside a long solenoid, flux model and magnetic fields.

Electromagnetic induction: induction in a magnetic fields: magnitude and direction F induces an E.M.F. energy stored in a magnetic field; self-inductance.

Electricity and matter: current flow in an electrolyte, Millikan experiment; conduction of electricity through passes at low pressure, cathode rays, photo electricity.

(b) Modern Physics-1 CreditStructure of atom: atomic theory, X-ray, plack Quantum theory: wave-particle nature of matter: scattering experiment of Geiga and Marsuen, Rutherford Atom model; Bohr’s atom model.

Structure of nucleus: composition of nucleus, artificial transmutation of an element. Natural transmutation of an element, discovery of neutron, particle emission, isotopes and particles emission; gamma radiation. Pre-requisite: O-level or WASC.

GST 121 USE OF ENGLISH II (2 CREDITS)

Effective communication and writing English, study skills, language skills, writing of essays, introduction to lexis, sentence construction. Outlines and paragraphs.

Collection and organisation of materials and logical presentation of papers.Use of the library, phonetics, public speaking and oral communication.

GST 122 NIGERIA PEOPLES AND CULTURE (2 CREDITS)

Study of Nigerian history and culture in pre-colonial times .Nigerian perception of his world.

Culture areas of Nigeria and their characteristics.Evolution of Nigeria as a political unit.

Concepts of functional education; national economy; balance of trade, economic self-reliance, social justice, individual and national development, norms and values, moral obligations of the citizens, environmental sanitation.

GST 123 HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE (2 CREDITS)

Man- his origin and nature: man and his cosmic environment, scientific methodology, science

and technology in the society and service of man; renewable and non-renewable resources-man and his energy resources. Environmental effects of chemical, plastics, textiles, wastes and other materials.Chemical and radio chemical hazards.Introduction to the various areas of science and technology.

FIRST SEMESTER 200 LEVEL

AGE 202 AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING CONCEPT (2 CREDITS)

Philosophy, evolution and ramification of Agricultural Engineering. Expected roles of Agricultural Engineers in power and Machinery; Soil and Water; Processing and Storage; and farm Structures and Environment. Agricultural Engineering vis-a-vis other engineering fields.Units of measurement of engineering materials.Concepts and principles of tool fabrication, crop processing and storage, soil and water engineering and farm structures and environmental control.Seminars and talks in Agricultural Engineering.

CHE 211 INTRODUCTION TO CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (2 CREDITS)

Philosophy and evolution of chemical engineering, definition of chemical engineering: principles and practice, chemical engineers and the Nigerian society, chemical, processes industries in Nigeria, what some chemical engineers do for a living, introduction to chemical engineering calculations: units and dimensions.

Conversion of units: systems of units; force and weight; numerical calculation and estimation; dimensional homogeneity and dimensionless quantities; process data representation and analysis, process and process variables: mass and volume; flowrate; chemical composition; pressure; temperature.

CVE 211 STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

i. Force equilibrium:- free body diagrams, concept of stress and strain. Tensile test.

Young’s moduli and other strength factors,

ii. Axial loaded bars, composite bars, temperature stresses and simple indeterminate problems.

Hoop stress: cylinders, rings.

iii. Bending moment, shear force and axial diagrams for simple cases.

ECP 281 ENGINEERING COMPUTER PROGRAMMING (2 CREDITS)

i. Computer hardware:- identification of parts and function of the components of the computer, input peripherals:- the keyboard, the mouse, the touch pad, the joy-stick and other pointing devices. The central processing unit (CPU):-the arithmetic logic unit (ALU)the primary and secondary memory (RAM, ROM etc), the frame buffer and other storage devices. The output peripherals:- the monitor, the printer, plotters and other hardcopy devices. The general operations (House-keeping):- Retrieval Manipulation and storage of data, etc

ii. Computer software: the principles and operations of the various kinds of software: system software:- windows environment, disk operating system environment (DOS), UNIX system, LINUX system, etc. Application software: word-processors, spreadsheet, databases management, work managers, presentation packages, graphics packages, draughting packages, etc.

The internet: the principle and applications of networks, WWW surfing the NET, e-mails, http and protocols.

Practical and hands-on exercises with mini-projects to test for proficiency will be emphasized.

EEE 211 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING I (3 CREDITS)

Units.Basic circuit elements and their behaviour in DC Circuits.Basic Circuit Laws and Theorems.Introduction to A.C. Circuits.Resonance, power and power factor, -phase circuits. Transformers.Basic distribution system,introduction to DC and AC machines.

EEE 212 Electrical Engineering II (3 Credits)

Physics of devices: atomic structure, material classification, electron omission, gas discharge devices, semiconductor materials, p-n junction diode and transistor. Transistorswitching characteristics. Rectification and D.C. power supplies. Electrical measurement:voltmeters, ammeters, ohmmeters, wattmeters, energy meters, measurement of three phasepower.

EMA 281 ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS I (2 CREDITS)

1.Complex analysis: roots of a complex number. Addition formulae for any number of angles.To express sin 0 in series of sines or cosines of multiple angles.Exponentialfunction of a complex variable.Circular functions of complex variable. Hyperbolic functions. Real and imaginary parts of a circular and hyperbolic functions. Logarithmic function of a complex variable.Real numbers; sequence and series; their convergence and divergence.**Vector: force moment and angular velocity. Vector differentiation and integration.****Linear Algebra: linear spaces, algebra of determinants and matrices.****Calculus: differentiations and applications. The mean value theorem and its applications.Extension of mean value theorem.Taylor and Maclaurin formulae.Leibnitz’s theorem. (Application to the solution of differential equations with variable coefficients), de L’Hospital’s. partial derivatives of functions of two and more variables.**

ENS211 ENGINEERING IN SOCIETY (2 CREDITS)

i. Philosophy of science

ii. History of engineering and technology

iii. Safety in engineering and introduction to risk analysis

iv. The role of engineers in nation building

v. Invited lecturers from professionals

MEE 211 ENGINEERING MECHANICS I (3 CREDITS)

Mechanics , fundamental quantities of mechanics. Division of mechanics, coordinates anddimension in a space problem solving. Vector ,system of forces and couples. Rigid bodiesandequilibrium.Distributedforces.Structures and machines.Friction.Moments and productofinertia.Work and virtual work.

MEE 221 ENGINEERING DRAWING I (3 Credits)

Introduction.Geometricalconstructions.Principles of tangency.Construction of slopes.Tapers and gradients.Fundamentals of descriptive geometry and projection drawing.Central, parallel, azonometricand orthographic projections.Projections of points, lines, plane figures and simple objects.Truelengths.Orthographic projections of simple geometrical solids.Cylinder, cone, pyramid, prism, sphere, hemisphere.Popus I and II, Ring. Drawing of three orthographic projections in first angle from the isometric views of a detail. Non-circular curves. Construction of an ellipse, parabola, hyperbole, sinusoid, spiral of Archimedes, involute, cyclod, epirydoid, hypcycloid.**Mechanical and electrical oscillations of damped and undamped mechanical systems. Electrical circuit theory.Resonances.****Numerical Methods: introduction to numerical computations. Solution of non-linear equations.Solution of simultaneous linear equations-both direct and iterative schemes.Finite difference operators. Introduction to linear programming ( GraphicalSolution).**

PRE 211 MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY I (2 CREDITS)

Elementary introduction to types and organisation of engineering workshops coveringjobbing, batch, mass production. Engineering materials: their uses and properties. Safety inworkshops and general principles of working. Bench work and fitting: hand tools, instruments. Carpentary: hand tools, materials, types of joint, processing of timber.

Blacksmithing, and tools and working principles. Joints and fastenings: threaded fasteners, reveling, welding, brazing, and soldering. Measurement and marking out for uniformity, cjrcularity, concentricity, etc standard measuring tools used in the workshop.

SECOND SEMESTER 200 LEVEL

CHE 222MATERIALS SCIENCE (3 CREDITS)

Atomic structure: review of structure and bonding of materials. Atomic and molecular structure (molecular, crystal and amorphous structure).Themetallic.Defects in crystals.Electronic structures and processes (conductors, semi-conductors and insulators).Alloy theory: a simplified introduction to allow theory illustrated by the Pb-Sn and Fe-C system. Application to industrially important alloys.

Engineering properties of materials: engineering properties of material and their treatment of material and their control through changes in structure (Hot and cold-working of metals, heat-treatment of steel, annealing, etc).Failure of metals (creep, fracture and fatigue). Corrosion and corrosion control.

Non-metallic materials: Non-metallic materials and their properties (glass, natural and synthetic rubber, plastics, ceramics and wood).

EMA 282 ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS II( 4 CREDITS)**Further integrations: reduction formulae.****Differential Equations**

a. General Review. Exact differential equations. Simple applications in geometry, mechanics chemical reactions and heat flow,

b. Second order linear differential equation with constant coefficients. Further D-operator method. Solution of second order. Differential equations by method of change of variables. Introduction to partial differential equations ( separation of variables).**Mechanical and electrical Oscillations of damped and un-damped mechanical systems. Electrical circuit theory.Resonance.****Numerical methods: introduction to numerical computations. Solution of non-linear equations-both direct and iterative schemes.Finite difference operators. Introduction to linear programming (Graphical solution)**

MEE 212 ENGINEERING MECHANICS II (3 CREDITS)

Position, reference frames and coordinates. Types of coordinates, scalar and vector functions,functiondifferentiation.Derivatives of vectors and moving references, frames, velocities andaccelerations relative motion.

Kinetics of rigid bodies: translation and rotation about a fixed axis for rigid bodies, general two dimensional motion of rigid bodies, vectorial and non-vectorial techniques, impulse, momentum, energy methods, moment of inertia, equivalent mass and moment of inertia simple cases of equivalent dynamic systems. Kinematics of simple harmonic motion.Simpleharmonic motion.

MEE 222 ENGINEERING DRAWING II (3 CREDITS)

First and third angle orthographic projections of complex objects.Axonometricprojectionand their basic typesigometry.Construction of cycloid, prism, pyramid, circle, long cylinderinisometry.Construction of isometric views for three and two orthographic projections of anobject.Free hand drawing. Development of surfaces curves of intersection. Interpenetrationsolids.Basic mechanical engineering drawing.Basic civil engineering drawings includingtopographical, geological structural and architectural.Basic wiring drawings, electroniccomponents circuits.

PRE 212 MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY II (2 CREDITS)

Simple metal cutting applied to hand tools. Single point tool geometry.Cutting fluid general principles of working of standard m etal cutting machine tools.Work and tool movement, speed and feed range.Centre lathe operations: straight/tape turning. Thread cutting. Parts of lathes accessories and attachments used on centrelathe.Drilling machine, drill bits and uses.Production of pig iron, wrought iron, plain carbon “and alloy steel and cast iron.

FIRST SEMESTER 300 LEVEL

AGE 301 FARM MANAGEMENT, RURAL SOCIOLOGY AND AGRICULTURAL

EXTENSION (2 CREDITS)

Basic concepts.Factors of production.Supply and demand.Price.Elasticity analysis.

Household behavior theories.Businessorganization.Production, the market.Income.

Employment classical, non-classical and Keynesian approaches.Money expenditure.

Taxation.Budget.International trade.

Application of basic sociological concepts to rural life.Management decision making.Functions of management planning, organization, staffing, directing and controlling,Financial management. Principles of extensions: diffusion, adoption and rejection ofinnovations. Communication and leadership in agricultural extension.

AGE303 LAND SURVEYING, MAP READING AND PHOTOGRAMMETRY (2CREDITS)

Definitions.Measurement of distances.Use of minor instruments, Random errors.Chainsurveying.Bearing of lines.Leveling. Topographic surveys. Traversing.Theodolitetraversing.Plane table surveying.Triangulation.Landshapping and earthwork.Mapreading.Photogramrnetry.Aerial photography. Geographic Information Systems

AGE309 AGRICULTURAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING

LABORATORY/FIELD PRACTICALS I (2 CREDITS)

Agricultural and Environmental Engineering laboratory/field practical covering courses taught during the first semester of 300 level

AGE 311 FORESTRY AND WOOD PRODUCTS ENGINEERING (2 CREDITS)

Machine-soil interaction and erosion control; Operations analysis and improvement; Equipment design; Wood product design; Access systems design and construction Definition and scope of wood products engineering Its importance in the Nigerian economy. Job opportunities. Regularities covering the industry: Forestry and factory.

AGE 313 NURSERY AND GREENHOUSE ENGINEERING (2 CREDITS)

Irrigation, mechanization; Disease and pest control; Temperature, humidity, ventilation control; Plant biology: tissue culture, seedling propagation, hydroponics.

CVE 341 ENGINEERING GEOLOGY (3 CREDITS)

i. Introduction: definition, scope and subdivision of geology, aspects of geology and their relevance to Agricultural Engineering. Brief discussion on the origin and evolution of the planets, the earth and its relation to the sun, and other planets.

ii. Structure and composition of the earth:- The core, the mantle and the crust composition of the various layers, Radioactivity and magnetism of some rocks and minerals

iii. Geological processes: exogenicprocesses (wreathing and erosion), endogenic processes. (Magma, its origin, crystallization, differential and solidification into rocks,-earthquakes volcanoes, rifting and continental drifts),

iv. Geological processes: Folding, faulting, jointing and rifting Isostasy, changes in eustatics seal levels, causes and effects: transgression and regression, tectonic and sedimentation,

v. Fieldwork and coursework.

EMA 381 ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS III (3 CREDITS)**Linear Algebra: n-dimensional vectors, addition and scalar multiplication. Linear dependence and independence of set vectors.Matrices; operations of addition, scalar multiplication and product; determinants and their properties; sub matrices and rank; inverse of a matrix.Theory of a system of linear equations, linear transformation and matrices, Eigenvalue and eigenvectors of a matrix; Eigen values of Hermitian and unitary matrices.****Analytical geometry: plane polar coordinate, coordinate transformation. Solid geometry and spheres and quadric surface.Spherical polar and cylindrical polar coordinates.****Functions of several variables: mean value theorem for function of several variables, maxima and minima. Differentiation under the sign of integration.Jacobians.****Numerical analysis: numerical differentiation and quadratic formulae. Analytic and numerical solution of ordinary differential equations. Curve fitting and least squares. Further on linear programming(simplex method).**

MEE311 MECHANICS OF MACHINES I (3 CREDITS)

Basic principles of kinematics and motion.Mechanisms or linkages, displacement, motion and instantaneous centers.Relative velocities and accelerations in mechanisms. Rolling and sliding contact. Cams. Gear and gearing. Gear trains.

MEE 321 ENGINEERING DRAWING HI (3 CREDITS)

Section and conventions.Auxiliaryviews.Pictorialdrawings.Conventions.Practicesandstandards.Drawing of machine elements.Workingdrawing.Pipedrawing.Fasteners,weldingdrawing.Building.

MEE 351 THERMODYNAMICS I (2 CREDITS)

Systems, stages, property, interactions, equilibrium, cycle, point and path functions temperature, etc. Thermodynamic Properties of Pure Substances: Perfect gas, specific and latent heats, equations of state. Phases of pure substances – solids, liquids and gases. Phases Equilibria and changes in critical point, properties of vapours, use of thermodynamics tables. Heat and Work Transfer: First law of thermodynamics, general energy equation and Bernoulli’s equation. Engine cycles, air- standard cycle, Otto-cycle, simple gas turbine cycle, Carnot cycle, heat pump, etc.Second law of thermodynamics, entropy irreversibility.

MEE 361 FLUID MECHANICS I (2 CREDITS)

Fundamental notion and definitions: continuum property, density, pressure, specific volume,surface tension, viscous compressibility, etc. fluid statics: hydrostatic forces on submergedsurfaces in incompressible fluid, pressure variation in static fluids, floatation, stabilityconsiderations of floating bodies. Dynamics of fluid flow: systems and control volumeapproach to the basics and subsidiary laws for continuous media leading to the developmentof conservation equations of mass and momentum. Euler’s equation, Bernoulli’s equation.

Introduction to incompressible viscous flow: flow of Newtonian fluids in pipes-pressure dropand shear stress in pipe flows, velocity distribution, Reynolds number and its significance.

Dimensional Analysis: philosophy of dimensional analysis in engineering, dimensionalhomogeneity, similitude, Bauchingams’s Pi-Theorem, important dimensionless groups inengineering. Flow measurements: flow meters and flow measurement, head flow meters inclosed and open conduits mechanical and electromagnetic flow meters, scale errors in flowmeasurement.

SECOND SEMESTER 300 LEVEL

AGE 302 BASIC AGRICULTURAL AND BIO-RESOURCES ENGINEERING (2 CREDITS)

Introduction to agricultural and bio-resources engineering profession. Identification of various tractors.Identification of other farm power sources.Types of farm implements.Tractor driving and test.Use of tractor for various field operations.

**AGE 304 MACHINE COMPONENT DESIGN AND DRAWING (2 CREDITS)Parts assemble. Detailed drawing of machine components, sketching and use of standard: design features, symbols, screws, fasteners, coupling, clutches, gears, Machine components design. Presentation of design portfolio.AGE 306 ACQUACULTURAL ENGINEERING (2 CREDITS)System design for fish farms; Water quality, machinery, feeding, ventilation; Pollution reduction and water conservation; Ecological reuse or disposal of waste; Product harvesting, sorting and processing.AGE 308 CROP PRODUCTIONS FOR ENGINEERS (2 CREDITS)Classification and ecology of crops in Nigeria.Nutrient requirements and mineral nutrition of plants Manures and fertilizers.Plant growth and development. Growth stages, Tillage and weed control. Other cultural practices.Cropping sequences and rotation.Farmingsystems.Production practices for specified crops.AGE 312 ANIMAL PRODUCTION FOR ENGINEERS (2 CREDITS)Types of livestock (for eggs, milk, meat, wool, etc), Distribution of livestock in Nigeria.Animal feeding and nutrition. Forage crops and their preservations Artifice insemination. Livestock hushing.Livestock processing equipment.AGE314 AGRICULTURAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERINGLABORATORY/FIELD PRACTICALS II (2 CREDITS)Agricultural and Environmental Engineering laboratory/field practical covering courses taught during the second semester of 300 levelAGE316 RENEWABLE ENERGY AND CONSERVATION STRATEGIES (2 CREDITS)Devising new ways of meeting the energy needs of agriculture; Meeting the energy needs ofthe general population by using agricultural products and by-products; Biomass, methane,vegetable oils; Wind and solar energy.CVE 344 SOIL MECHANICS (2 CREDITS)i. Introduction: The need for soil mechanics dealing with the importance of the application of the principles to problems associated with building foundations, highway embankments and cuts.ii. Formation of soils: Rock weathering in both geological time scales, soil types:iii. laterites in particular.iv. Soil-Air-Water Relationship: phase nature of soils and the engineering significance, definitions and relationships between void ratio, porosity, bulk density, dry density, saturation density, submerged density, degree of saturation, specific gravity.v. Mineralogy of soils: The silicates, the clay minerals and their general geotechnical properties, clay-water systems.vi. Soil structure: Grain-to-grain structure; flocculated and dispersed structures in clays.vii. Soil classifications: Need for systematic soil classification. Some engineering soil classification systems in current use. Particles size. Atterberg limits in soil classification. Problems associated with the classification of laterite soilsviii. Laboratory and Coursework.EMA 382 ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS IV (3 CREDITS)**

**Fourier series: periodic functions. Euler formula for coefficient in Fourier sine/cosine series of a function.Even and odd functions and their Fourier series. Half range expansion. Theoretical basis of Fourier series.Application to the solution of partial differential equations.****Gamma, beta and probability function (emphasis rather on the applications)****Differential equation: equations of the form y” = f(X,Y’). Linear second order equations reducible to linear equation with constant coefficients. Series solution of differential equation.Legendre’s differential equation and Legendre polynomials.Bessel’s differential equation and Bessel functions of first kind; their properties and introduction to application.****Vector Field Theorem. Scalar and vector fields; directional derivative; gradient of a scalar field; divergence and curl of a vector field; del operator. Line, surface and volume integrals independent of path and irrational vector.**

MEE 312 MECHANICS OF MACHINES II (3 CREDITS)

Forces analysis of mechanisms (static and dynamic).Dynamically equivalent systems.Balancing of rotating and reciprocating masses.Turning moment diagrams and flywheels.Governors.Friction in Machine.

FIRST SEMESTER 400 LEVEL

AGE401 ADVANCED AGRICULTURAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING LABORATORY/ COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN (2 CREDITS)

Agricultural and Environmental Engineering laboratory/field practical covering courses taught during the first semester of 400 level plus introduction to computer aided design.

AGE403 EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN AND ANALYSIS IN ENGINEERING RESEARCH (2 CREDITS)

Basic concepts: statistics ant its uses, population and sample, types of data and variables, symbols and notations, descriptive data presentation. Introduction to statistical inference: definitions of statistical inference, hypothesis and types, errors of statistical inference, hypothesis testing and applications. Principles of scientific experimentation: science and scientific approach, essential terminologies (experiment, treatment, experimental material, experimental unit, sampling unit, replications and its functions, factors affecting replications, choice of treatments, randomization). Experimental designs: CRD, RCBD, LSD, Multiple pair-wise comparisons (F-LSD, DMRT), Factorial, Split plot. Linear regression and correlation.Non-linear and multiple regression.Covariance analysis.

AGE 411 IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE PRINCIPLES (2 CREDITS)

Water requirement in an irrigation system.Methods of irrigation.Frequency and amount of irrigation.Irrigation water scheduling. Evaluation irrigation systems and practiced. Design of furrow; basin and sprinkler irrigation.Effect of poor drainage on plants and soils.Drainagerequirements of crops, surface drainage. Sub-surface drainage.

AGE 413 FARM STRUCTURES AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL (2 CREDITS)

Environmental and structural requirements of crops and livestock, planning of plant and livestock houses, storage and stores.Design of structural members.Water supply and sewage disposal.Specifications and selection of farm building material.Environmental control for plants and livestock.Use of psychometric charts.Farmstead and layout.

AGE 421 FARM POWER AND MACHINERY (3 CREDITS)

Farm Power Sources.Selection and Management of farm tractors and equipment. Force Analysis and power measurement of tillage tools. Fuel performance evaluation of crop production equipment. Adjustment, maintenance, and repair of farm tractors and equipment

AGE431 PROPERTIES, HANDLING, PROCESSING AND STORAGE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS (2 CREDITS)

Properties and characteristics of agric. Materials. Cleaning, sorting and grading. Handling methods.Processingtechniques.Cropdrying.Crop storage.

CVE 421 HYDRAULICS AND HYDROLOGY (2 CREDITS)

i. Dimensional Analysis, similitude and hydraulic Models. Definition, purpose, and basis of dimensional analysis; Buckingham Pi-theorem, Hunsaker and Rightmiremethodsof dimensional analysis, similitude and requirements: dimensionless parameters, their significance and application; model studies of flow with and without free surface,

ii. Laminar Flow: laminar flow between parallel stationary and non-stationary plates, in pipes and through annular spaces; Reynolds numbers, critical velocity, and resistance coefficient; power requirement,

iii. Turbulent flow: Equations of turbulent flow: velocity and pressure distribution in pipes, relationship between coefficient of resistance. Reynold’s number, and the relative roughness

iv. Boundary layer; separation, lift and drag.

v. Stream function, velocity potential, and application to flow Nets.

vi. Steady flow in closed conduits: energy equation, energy and hydraulic lines; primary

and minor losses. Equations of pipe flows; pipe in series and parallel; section of pipe sizes

vii. Unsteady flow in closed conduit: causes and effects of unsteady flows; surges and water hammers; surge control; incompressible theory, compressible theory for elastic pipe lines; Movement of pressure wave.

viii. Pumps: Applications and types; Energy and hydraulic grade lines in pump systems;

workdone, power and efficiencies, inlet and outlet velocity diagram, pump characteristics, specific speed and performance; choice of pumps; multiple pump systems.

ix. Turbines: Applications and types; energy and hydraulic grade lines across turbine installations; work done, power efficiencies; inlet and outlet velocity diagrams; turbine characteristics, specific speed, and performance; choice of turbines.

x. Introduction to hydrology: hydrology and applications; hydrologic cycle, meteorological data and instrumentation- precipitation, temperature, evaporation, sunshine hours, radiation, humidity, and wind speed, methods for estimating means rainfall over catchments- arithmetic’s Thiessen and isohyetal method. Trend estimation from rainfall dat. Methods of estimating evapo-transpiration,

CVE 415 TECHNICAL COMMUNICATION AND PROJECT APPRAISAL (2 CREDITS)

i. Oral communication: public speaking skills with effective use of visual aids and statistical and technical information. Principles of effective communication in interpersonal and mass communication process. Effective reading skills-extracting main ideas and reading for specific information through speed reading.

ii. Written communication: Roles of technical report in engineering projects, fundamental principles of technical writing, format of different types of reports-outlines, scope and purpose, technical discussions and details, role of appendix, functions of diagrams, tables and illustrations, nature of recommendations and conclusions; writing memoranda, business letters, formal and informal reports, ( A term paper to be prepared on assigned work).

iii. General principles and approach to software design. Computer languages, problem analysis and algorithm (flow chat) design. Assembly and compilation of programs.

iv. QBasic:- understanding and use of symbols, keywords, identifiers, data-types, operators, statements, flow of control, arrays and functions.

v. The principles and application of visual programming:- Visual basis, C++, etc. examples and assignments will be worked with realistic engineering problem solving exercises.

EMA 481 ENGINEERING MATHEMTICS V (3 CREDITS)**Complex Variables. Complex functions of a real variable. Elementary functions of acomplex variable. Differentiation of complex variables.Cauchy-Riemann equations.Analytic and Harmonic functions.Integration of complex variables.Cauchy’s theorem, poles and residues.Simple examples of expansion in Taylor and Laurent series.Conformal mappings.****Integral Transformers: Laplace and Fourier transformers. Application to boundary value problems in mathematical physics.****Introduction to Non-linear differential equation:**

a. Stability of linear systems and the phase portraits.

b. Long time behaviour of the solution of non-linear differential equations deduced from related linear systems.**Calculus of Variables: Lagrange’s equation and applications. Hamilton’s principle and Geodesic problems (formal proofs of the related theorems will not be required). Iso-perimetric problems.****a. Probability laws, conditional probability and dependence of events. Discrete and continuous probability distribution. The probability function; the density function and the distributions, binomial, poison normal.**

b. Statistics: Regression and Correlation: the method of least squares; linear and curvilinear regression. Correlation, total, partial and multiple. Large sampling Theory: sampling distribution of mean, proportion, difference of means and proportion. Confidence interval for mean, proportion difference of two means and proportion.**Test of Hypothesis: Types I and II errors. Power of a test.Large sample-test concerning the mean, proportion, difference of two means and proportions.****Quality control.**

MEE 441 METALLURGY (2 CREDITS)

Steels – cast irons, plain carbon steels, iron-carbon diagram; time-temperature— transformation (T.T.T) diagrams (austenite, bianite, martensitic structure); heat treatment of steels (annealing and tempering processes); surface hardening of steels, alloy steels. Non-ferrous metals and alloys- copper, aluminium, tin, zinc, gold, lead. Diffusion in solids; oxidation and corrosion of metals.

CED300 INTRODUCTION TO ENTREPRENEURIAL AND NEW VENTURE CREATION (2 CREDITS)

Management theory and practice: Basic concept of management, objectives of management, decision making process, process of management, management leadership, resources to be managed- raw materials, production facilities, manpower and personnel, product management (marketing), funds (finance). Initiating a new business: planning the new business, market survey, deciding the business size through market product characteristics and competition for the products; the business plan – financial statements, financing decisions, sales programmes, site location; pro forma statement; managing the new business – MBO, strategies, controlling, delegation of activities; Records and accounts of the business; the future coping with uncertainties and changes. Agricultural business setting in Nigeria: Typology and relationships of Agricultural business in Nigeria; structures and performance; problems of Agricultural business in Nigeria.

Introduction to Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation: Introduction to module, learning objectives and assessment, what is entrepreneurship? Entrepreneurship – myths and realities, the role of the entrepreneur. Entrepreneurship in Theory Practice: how are new ventures created? Stevenson’s model, entrepreneurial resources, the business plan, case study – R & R. The opportunity: sources of opportunity, identification, researching the opportunity, assessment, protecting your IP. The entrepreneurial team: what teams are important, individual and team performance, putting together a winning team, team roles, teampathologies. Entrepreneurial Finance: determining your capital requirements, financing strategy, and managing cash flow. Raising Financial Capital: venture capital and informal equity, debt finance, other financial instruments. Marketing and the new venture: product, price, promotion, people, case study. Innovation: R & D management, determinants of innovation, the innovation process in new ventures, case study. New venture workshop: syndicate groups present their business ideas to class and receive constructive feedback form tutors and peers. Group and harvest: theories of firm growth, organic vs. M&A, organic growth strategies, resource implications, the harvest.

SECOND SEMESTER 400 LEVEL

Six months industrial Training Programmes (SIWES)

FIRST SEMESTER 500 LEVEL

PRE 571 ENGINEERING ECONOMICS & ADMINISTRATION I (3 CREDITS)

The Management Environment- Formation of a company, sources of finance, money and credit. Insurance, National policies, GNP growth rate and prediction.Balance of payments.Letal liabilities under company law, legal and contractual obligations to employees and the public, contractual obligations.

Organisation Management- principles of organization, span of control.Element of organisation.Types.Principles of management. Schools of thought.Management by objectives.Financial Management- Accounting methods.Financialstatement.Element of costing.Costplanning and control.Budget and budgetary control. Cost reduction programmes depreciation accounting, valuation of assets.

Personal Management- Selection, recruitment and training.Job evaluation. Merit rating. Incentive schemes.Trade unions and collective bargaining.

Industrial Psychology- Individual and Group behaviour.The learning process.Motivationand Morale. Influence of the Industrial environment.

AGE 505 AUTOMOTIVE SERVICE AND MAINTENANCE (2 CREDITS)

Service and maintenance of all the components of an automobile.

AGE 507 AGRICULTURAL WASTES MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS (2 CREDITS)

Definition, types of agricultural wastes; crops residue, Crop processing wastes, livestock wastes.Indicators of agricultural wastes; physical, chemical and bacteriological indicators.Agricultural waste management systems; green manuring, composting, incineration. Engineering properties of agricultural wastes; moisture content, relative humidity, density, angle of repose.Design of composting systems.Beneficial uses of livestock wastes; soil amendments, fuel, biogas, feeding wastes to animals.Design of biogas systems.Agro-allied industrial wastes; characterization of agro-allied wastes. Treatment systems for waste waterfrom agro-allied industries; slaughter house wastes, brewery wastes, food and beverage wastes, textile wastes, intensive livestock farm wastes. The use of waste stabilization ponds; process design considerations, design of facultative, anaerobic and maturation ponds.

AGE 509 BIOLOGICAL ENGINEERING (2 CREDITS)

Pest control; Hazardous waste treatment; Environmental protection; Bioinstrumentation; Bioimaging; Medical implants and devices; Plant-based pharmaceuticals and packaging materials, principles of biochemical kinetics and reactor engineering as applied to aerobic and anaerobic reactor systems for removal of soluble organic matter, destruction or organic matter and the conversion of soluble inorganic matter. Design criteria and designs for biochemical operations used in control of water pollution and organic solid waste disposal

AGE 511 SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION ENGINEERING (2 CREDITS)

Types and forms of erosion.Soil erosion by water.Universal soil loss equation.Control of soil erosion by waste and other methods. Wind erosion and its control. Desertification and control measures.Earth dams and farm ponds.

AGE 521 LAND CLEARING AND DEVELOPMENT (2 CREDITS)

Land resources and Land act in relation to Nigeria’s Agriculture. Objectives, methods and equipment for land clearing and development, machinery selection machines of operation and vegetable types land reclamation.Earthmoving machinery and earthmoving mechanics.

AGE 523 AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION (2 CREDITS)

Nature and objectives of agricultural mechanization.Factors affecting agricultural mechanization in the tropics.Analysis of production systems Agricultural mechanization as a strategy for rural development.Impact on food production and on infrastructural development.Linkages with rural industrialization. Case studies of selected farm.

AGE 531 FARM ELECTRIFICATION (2CREDITS)

Electrical codes, tariffs and regulations. Generation and transmission of electricity.Farmstead distribution systems.Testingprocedure.Power factor correction.Selection and use of electric motors.Transformers.Energyconversion.Application of electricity to handling, processing and storage of agricultural products.Basic electronic application to farm electrical processes.

AGE 533DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF FARM STRUCTURES 3 CREDITS)

Study of farm houses. Design of farm structures: Poultry, diary, hog bankers, silos, fences, etc. Structural analysis with an introduction to reinforced concrete design: Loads on beams and trusses; reactions, shear force and bending moment diagrams; deflections; roof trusses analysis; dead and live loads on agricultural buildings, wood structures design, concrete beams, slabs and columns; design stresses and factor of safety.

AGE 597 PROJECT I (3 CREDITS)

Supervised individual student project to deepen knowledge, strengthen practical experience and encourage creativity and independent work. This part of the project ends in a comprehensive written research proposal and oral presentation before a panel of internal examiners covering Introduction, Review of Literature, Materials and Methods or Designs.

SECOND SEMESTER 500 LEVEL

PRE 572 ENGINEERING ECONOMICS & ADMINISTRATION II (3 CREDITS)

Resource Managements- Materials management.Purchasingmethods.Contracts. Stores and inventory control. Time value of money, interest formulae.Rate of return.Methods of economic evaluation.Selection between alternatives.

Planning Decision-making forecasting, planning, scheduling. Production control. GanttChart. C.P.M. and PERT.

Optimisation.Linear programming as an aid to decision-making.

Elementary treatment of decision-making policies under risks and uncertainties.

Transport and materials Handling and Selection of transport media for finished goods, raw materials and equipment. Facility layout and location.

Basic principles of work-study principles of motion economy.Ergonomics in the design of equipment and process.Maintenance Engineering.

AGE 502 ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING (2 Credits)

Design of unit operations and processes in water and wastewater treatment.Sedimentation.Chemicalcoagulation.Ionexchange.Filtration.Disinfection.Water supply treatment and distribution.Water quality, Wastewater handling, treatment and disposal.Solid waste disposal.Air pollution and control.

AGE 504 INDUSTRIAL STUDIES (2 CREDITS)

Organizational structure of manufacturing organization. Market survey, Feasibility studies, Project and contract documents. Specification, planning schedule, Quality control.Safety and safety procedures.

AGE 506 PROFESSIONAL ENGINEERING PRACTICE (2 CREDITS)

Registration of Engineers with COREN – importance of registration, requirement for registration, procedure for registration, code of conduct, duties, relationship of COREN with Nigeria Society of Engineers (NSE) and Nigerian Institution of Agricultural Engineers (NIAE); engineering project – meaning and types, systems approach (systems analysis, systems design and systems synthesis), project execution, project team, contracts, contractors and sub-contractors; engineering organization – working environment (facilities and layout of structures and equipment), engineering operations, personnel management and labor relations, training facilities, remunerations, incentives and security; planning and optimization – combination and allocation of resources, scheduling and operations and control of resources, assignment of equipment and labour, sensitivity analysis; non-technical aspects – economic and social factors, financial aspects, legal aspects, business aspects.

AGE 508 POWER AND MACHINERY SYSTEMS (2CREDITS)

Force analysis and design consideration of various farm machinery. Hitching methods. Power requirement

Foroperating farm equipment and machines. Operation and maintenance of various farm machinery.

Fieldevaluation.Criteria for replacement. Cost analysis of the use of agricultural machines

AGE 510 AGRICULTURAL LAND DRAINAGE (2 CREDITS)

Surface drainage.Subsurface drainage.Design of drainage systems.Envelope materials and their design.Loads on conduits.Drainage pumping.Construction and installation of drains.Maintenance of drains.

AGE 512 IRRIGATION SYSTEMS(2 CREDITS)

Design of open channels.Water flow measurement.Pumping power requirements. Design of irrigation system: border, sprinkler, drip, etc. Salinity and quality of irrigation water.Reclamation of saline and alkaline soil.Seepage from canals and canal lining.Design of an irrigation project.Evaluation of irrigation system and practices.Irrigation water management.

AGE 514 ADVANCED HYDRAULICS (3 CREDITS)

Pipe flow, pipes in parallel and in se Branched pipe.Simple pipe network.Water hammer.Hardy cross method of water distribution open channel flow. Channel transition and Hydraulics jump. Backwater curves. Dimensional analysis and similitude, Reservoir hydraulics and planning.High pressure outlets, gates, valves.

AGE 516 DESIGN OF IRRIGATION AND SOIL CONSERVATION STRUCTURES (3 CREDITS)

Factors affecting efficient farm water management. Review of relevant hydraulic theories. Designs of irrigation structures.Design of irrigation structures. Design of soil conservation structures.

AGE 518 RURAL WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION (2 CREDITS)

Water requirement.Water quality standards.Water borne diseases.Biochemical oxygen demand.Potable water impurities.Source and treatment methods of water for rural homes.Water lifting devices.Transportation and distribution systems. Pipe sizes. Waste disposal in rural communities.Collection, conveyance, treatment and disposal of sewage from rural homes. Septic tanks, digestion ponds and family privies.

AGE 520 FOUNDATION ENGINEERING (2 CREDITS)

Stress in soils. Consolidation, compaction.CBR and soil improvement.Stability of slopes.Earth pressure analysis.Bearing capacity and settlement analysis of shallow and deep foundations.Design of footings, foundations, retaining walls.Analysis and control of groundwater.

AGE 522 AGRICULTURAL POWER SYSTEMS (3 CREDITS)

Farm Power Sources. Farm tractor; selected; use, maintenance. Other power sources; selection, use maintenance. Hitches and hitch systems design consideration of single-axle, two-wheel drive, four-wheel; drive and crawler tractors. Tractor mechanics power measurement. Fluid controls. Ergonomics. Tractor testing and test codes.

AGE 524 DESIGN OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINERIES (3 CREDITS)

Machine design processes and procedures, materials of construction, selection, strength properties, stress analysis, costing. Design of machine elements, Machine fabrication, Typical design of low cost agricultural machinery.

i Agricultural tractors, combines, implements, and transportation equipment

ii Turf and landscape equipment

iii Equipment for special crops

iv Irrigation equipment

v Farmstead equipment

vi Food processing equipment

Problems and prospects of agricultural machinery development and commercial manufacture in Nigeria.

AGE 526 FARM TRANSPORTATION (2 CREDITS)

Farm roads.Farm transportation system. Development and construction of farm transport Equipment. Farm transport system-standards and specification, Ergonomics.

AGE 528 OPERATIONS AND MANAGEMENT OF FARM POWER AND MACHINERYSYSTEMS (2 CREDITS)

Integrated approach to machinery usage and agricultural production sequence. Equipment selection, scheduling of operation, seasonality factor.Machinery ownership and financing.Cross margin analysis. Optimization of machinery-input combinations.Management of farm enterprise.Case studies.

AGE 530 PROCESSING AND STORAGE OF AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS (2 CREDITS)

Cleaning, sorting, grading and separation: principles, techniques and machine. Communities.Particle size analysis.Heattreatment.Dehydration and drying.Psychrometry.Storage types and environment, Deterioration of produce in storage containeratisation. Design of grain storage structures. Environmental control in storage.

AGE532 ENGINEERING PROPERTIES AND HANDLING OF AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS (2 CREDITS)

Physical, mechanical, rheological and thermal properties of agricultural materials.Newtonianand Non-Newtonian fluids.Handlingmethods.Design and construction of appropriate material handling equipment for tropical products.Economics of materials handling.

AGE 534 ADVANCED THERMODYNAMICS (HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER) 3 CREDITS)

Thermodynamics of gases, vapors and reactive and non-reactive mixtures.Process relations.

Concepts of equilibrium, reversibility.

AGE 536 SOLAR ENERGY APPLICATIONS FOR PROCESSING AND STORAGE (2 CREDITS)

Fundamentals of solar radiation. Solar heating and cooling Heat transfer. Solar energy conversion efficiency, principles of solar collectors.Solar heat storage and storage systems for tropical crops.

AGE 538 FOOD AND PROCESS ENGINEERING (2 CREDITS)

Definition, Heat and mass transfer, Insulation, Heat exchangers-designs and applications.Heat and cold preservation of foods.Food packaging, food quality control. Principles and design of food equipment:

i Packaging, storage, transportation of perishable products

ii Pasteurization, sterilization, irradiation techniques

iii Food processing techniques and technologies

iv Biomass fuels

v Nutraceuticals, pharmaceuticals

vi Biodegradable packaging materials

AGE 540 AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY(3 CREDITS)

Review of machine elements and materials of construction. Seedbed preparation machinery; Seeding, harvesting and threshing machinery; Agricultural processing and plant protection machinery; Dairy machinery

AGE 542 MECHANICS OF DEFORMABLE BODIES (2 CREDITS)

Three dimensional stress and strain.Theories of failure. Stress concentration. Moments and products of inertia and area.Mohr’s strain and inertia circles.Unsymmetrical bending, shear center.Curved beams.

AGE 544 WATER QUALITY EPIDEMIOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY (2 CREDITS)

Overview of freshwater geochemistry.Primary production and nutrient cycles in rivers and lakes.Water pollutants and their sources.The health, environmental socioeconomic impacts of water pollution.Epidemiological concept and definition.Waterbornediseases.Food-borne diseases.Air-borne diseases.Air pollution meteorology and atmospheric dispersion.

AGE 546 NATURAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT (2CREDITS)

Wetlands protection; Water control structures: dams, reservoirs, floodways; Drainage; Erosion control; Pesticide and nutrient runoff; Crop water requirements; Water treatment systems; Irrigation

AGE 548 ENGINEERING QUANTITIES (2 CREDITS)

Measurement Account Measurement: Practical interpretations, contract conditions; cost reimbursement contract. Procedures for fixing rates.Application of measurements, estimating to practical situations.Analysis of tenders and evaluation of projects in water resources building etc. Materials, labour , plant, production standards, methods of statement, waste factors. Applications.

AGE 550 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT (2 CREDITS)

Definition and concept of EIA. Socio-economic impacts definition. Scooping and baseline Studies. Physical parameters for the soils, hydrological, water quality, and ecological components of an ELA. Impacts from direct manipulation or utilization. Impacts from projects not directly associated with manipulation and utilization. Hydrological impacts of construction projects-roads, land clearing/development/dams, etc. Impacts prediction, mitigation and monitoring.Mitigation measures relating to urban runoff and flood protection.International conventions on nature conservation.Evaluation of ecosystems.Restoration and compensation.

AGE 552 PUBLIC HEALTH ENGINEERING (2CREDITS)

Sources of pollutants in air, water and soil.The role of man as agent of environment pollution. Check and balances on environmental ecosystem. Environmental law or policy.Waste management: mechanics of aerobic digestions. Relative energy flow in methane fermentation of complex organics.Wastetreatment.Digestibility of wastes and effluent equality monitoring. Land disposal system and pollution transport. The impact of agricultural, industrial and highway on the river system.Structure and growth of Micro-organism.Sterilization and culture techniques. Water use and water related diseases. Physical, chemical and biological characteristic of water and wastewater, their determination and significance.Appropriate technology of water supply and treatment.Coagulation, storage, filtration, disinfections and distribution.Excreta Disposal; appropriate technology (septic tanks, oxidation ponds relevant to Nigerian situation) and wastewater treatment.Sewage.Sourceand Effects of Pollution, Water quality standards and controls.Agents of Air pollution, effects and control.Management and finance of PHE systems.

AGE 554 SAFETY, HEALTH AND ERGONOMICS (2 CREDITS)

Compile and analyze health and injury data; Standardize equipment for component compatibility; Encourage safe use of machinery, equipment, and materials through better design and better communication

AGE 556 INDUSTRIAL WASTE ENGINEERING (2 CREDITS)

Industrial wastes general considerations, specific industries including dairy industry, abattoirs, oil pollution, etc Biodegradability and treat ability of the industrial effluents. Specific physical-chemical treatment methods and pollution control measures. Toxic and Nuclear waste management.

AGE558 UNIT OPERATION AND PROCESSES IN ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING DESIGN (2 CREDITS)

Theory and application of physical, chemical and biological operation and processes in water and wastewater treatment. Topics include: Equalization, floatation, filtration, disinfections, ion exchange, absorption, iron and manganese removal, corrosion, water softening, taste and odour. Determination of mass transfer and oxygen transfer co-efficient. Reactor engineering g: completely mixed flow, plug flow, dispersed flow systems. Kinetics of aerobic and anaerobic treatment.

Treatability studies: activated sludge process, biological filtrations. Stabilization ponds, Anaerobic sludge digestion and thickening, vacuum filtration, air and sand bed drying of ,sludge, heat treatment, land disposal, incineration and wet oxidation. Tertiary treatment, nutrient removal, suspended solids removal, organic and inorganic removal.

AGE 560 DESIGN OF STRUCTURES FOR BIOMATERIALS STORAGE AND LIVESTOCK HOUSING (3 CREDITS)

Review of structural components. Principles and examples in elementary structural analysis and design. Building material selection and use for specific building types. Design of sheep, pig, and poultry housing.Design of silos and timber shades. Design of grain storage structures.

AGE 562 APPLIED BIOTECHNOLOGY AND WASTE HANDLING SYSTEMS (2 CREDITS)

Environmental applications of biochemistry and microbiology of interest of engineers.Microbial biomass, aerobic and anaerobic fermentation.Bioremediationprinciples.Physical, chemical and biological properties of liquid and solid wastes.Wastes handling and disposal methods.Design of waste treatment lagoons and holding facilities.Methods of land application and their pollution effects. Other methods of waste utilization – production of compost, single cell protein, alcohol, fertilizer, biogas and chemicals. Nutrient cycles in water bodies. Oil spills, their impact and remedial measures. Design and maintenance of wetlands as waste treatment systems.Other applications of dimidiation technology.

AGE564 ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT IN AGRICULTURAL

ENGINEERING (2 CREDITS)

Definition of ecosystems.Biological control of the environment.Concept of productivity.Production and decomposition in nature.Homeostasis of the ecosystem.Food chains, food webs and tropic levels.Ecosystems energetic. Biogeochemical cycles and recycle pathways.

Nutrient cycling in the tropics. Primary good and services provided by various ecosystems; Agro-ecosystem. Forest ecosystem, Freshwater ecosystem, Grassland ecosystem and Coastal ecosystem. Management trade-offs among various ecosystems good and services. Taking stocks of ecosystem conditions and changing capacity. Ecosystem balancing.

AGE 566 STRUCTURES AND ENVIRONMENT (2 CREDITS)

Animal environment requirements.Animal heat and moisture production. Types and characteristics of construction materials concrete, masonry and wood. Planning buildings for livestock production and biomaterials storage to provide optimum environmental control.

i Animal housing

ii Grain storage

iii Waste storage, recovery, reuse, transport

iv Climate, ventilation, disease control systems

For each type of building, the building materials, functional layouts and electrical requirements are presented. Planning of farmsteads.Environmental physiology of livestock.The greenhouse and its environmental control.Environmental control of livestock housing by natural and forced ventilation.

AGE 568 SILVICULTURE (2 CREDITS)

Forest reserves in Nigeria. Concept of eco system.Afforestation.Characteristics of major timber and their uses.Identification of species.Distribution of forest products in Nigeria.Production practices from land preparation to harvesting. Environmental requirements.Soil and water requirements.Enumerationtechniques.Felling and log transportation.Protectionfrom pest and fire.

AGE 570 SOLID WASTE ENGINEERING AND AIR POLLUTION (2 CREDITS)

Solid Waste: Basic concepts and theory and design of solid waste collection and Disposal systems. Field and laboratory sampling and monitoring of solid wastes.Analysis of municipal, industrial and agricultural solid wastes.Solid waste handling and disposal methods.

Air Pollution: Air-borne wastes and the control of atmospheric pollution: sources, type and effects of air pollutants. Analysis of particulate and gaseous, pollutants by classical and instrumental methods.Meteorological phenomena affecting use of fuels and cleaning of gases.Noise and Noise Control: Inter-relationship between the disposal of solid, liquid and gaseous wastes and the pollution of air, soil and water.

AGE 572 MEASUREMENTS AND INSTRUMENTATION (2 CREDITS)

General Instrumentation, Basic Meter in DC measurement. Basic meter in AC measurements; rectifier voltmeter, electro-dynamometer and Wattmeter, instrument transformers; DC and AC bridges and their applications; general form of AC bridge universal impendence bridge, Electronic instruments for the measurement of voltage, current resistance and other circuit parameter, electronic voltmeters; oscilloscope: vertical deflection system, horizontal deflection system, probes, sampling CRO, Instruments for generating and analyzing waveforms; square-wave and pulse generator, signal generators, function generators, wave analyzers, Electronic counters and their applications: time base circuitry, universal counter measurement modes; Analog and digital data acquisition systems: tape recorders, D/A and A/D conversions, sample and hold circuits.

AGE 574ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS AND SERVICES DESIGN (3 CREDITS)

Distribution of electricity supply in buildings.Electrical installation methods.Installationdesign.Temporary electrical installations.Testing and inspection of electrical installations.Electrical motors and motor controllers.Lighting systems, lighting design.Lightinginstallation, power installation, energy supply and distribution, choice of cables and conductors, wiring systems and accessories, outdoor low voltage lines and cables, protection of low voltage installation, and characteristics of low voltage equipment, Earthing and testing of electrical installation, illumination.

AGE 576 TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING AND SERVICES DESIGN (3 CREDITS)

Cable telegraphy and telephony characteristics, cross talk, equation, Pole lines, aerial and underground cables. Telegraph systems: codes radio systems terminal equipment (teleprinters, relays. Switching systems, repeaters) Telephone receivers, switching (crossbar, electronics switches). PBX, PABX, Transmission standards, Telephone network structure.

Telephone installations, PABX installations choice of cables and accessories, computer networking: choice of cables, installations, accessories, optic fibre installations and accessories. Lighting protection techniques.Earthing techniques. Bill if Engineering material and Evaluation and billing of telecommunication installations.

AGE578ELECTRIC POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION (2 CREDITS)

Brief treatment of types of power stations.Power generation and transmission problems (Flow diagram representation from generator to consumer terminals).The synchronous generation and its importance in power generation (from the small types) in motor cars to huge types in power stations.Wiring and electric services in buildings and constructions sites.

AGE 580 CONTROL AND POWER SYSTEMS ENGINEERING (2 CREDITS)

State space description of linear systems, concepts of controllability and observability; state feedback, modal control observers, realization of systems having specified transfer function, applications to circuit synthesis and signal processing.

Representation of power system, power system equation and Analysis, load flow studies, load forecasting, economic operation of power systems, symmetrical components, symmetrical and unsymmetrical faults, various types of relays used in power systems, protection systems of power transmission lines, principles of fault detection. Discrimination and clearance, elements of power systems stability.

AGE 582 ANALOGUE AND DIGITAL COMPUTERS (2 CREDITS)

Analogue computation, electrical analogue of mechanical electromechanical systems and servomechanisms. Analogue computer elements; potentiometers, operational amplifiers, function generators, simulation of system transfer functions. Digital computer structure and elements, CPU, storage, peripherals Arithmetic processes, Hybrid computer system.

AGE 584 MICRO-COMPUTER HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE TECHNIQUES (2 CREDITS)

Elements of digital computer design; control unit, micro-programming, bus organization and addressing schemes. Micro-processor, system architecture, bus control, instruction execution and addressing modes.Machine codes, assembly language and high-level language programming, Micro-processor as state machines. Microprocessor interfacing: Input/output. Technique, interrupt systems and direct memory access; interfacing to analogue systems and applications to D/A and A/D converters. System development tools: simulators, programming, assemblers and loaders, overview of available microprocessor application.

AGE 586 INFORMATION AND ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGIES (2 CREDITS)

Global positioning systems; Machine instrumentation and controls; Data acquisition and “Bioinformatics” – biorobotics, machine vision, sensors, spectroscopy; Electromagnetics.

AGE 598 PROJECT II (3 CREDITS)

Supervised individual student project undertaken in research, development, design and/or construction and testing, to deepen knowledge, strengthen practical experience and encourage creativity and independent work. The student submits a written report for grading in content, and also makes an oral presentation before an external and internal examiner(s) for assessment in technical presentation.

SECTION 8: GRADUATION REQUIREMENT

Graduation Requirement

A student must have passed all the required courses from his Department to qualify for graduation. Such a student must also have met the Industrial Training (UBITS) requirement, passed all General Studies courses and Entrepreneurship Development as required by the University.

Other Academic Regulations

i) 0’level credit requirement for entry to the programme may be deferred (to be passed before graduation or before issuance of degree certification) for the following subjects (please list them, if any): Nil

ii) Minimum number of Earned Credit Hours for graduation: 204

iii) Minimum No. of years for graduation: 100 level of entry; 5years, 200 level of entry; 4 years and 300 level of Entry; 3 years. Table 8.1 presents the minimum and maximum years for graduation.

**Table 8.1: Minimum and Maximum Years for Graduation (Full-Time)**

**The following are other categories into which a students’ status may be classified at the end of the session which are not dependent on the total number of credits earned.****Voluntary Withdrawal: A student who has applied for voluntary withdrawal or failed to register**

**for the session is deemed to have voluntarily withdrawn. A student who has applied for voluntary withdrawal enjoys it only for the approved period unless such application is renewed and approved.**

**Disciplinary/Misconduct Cases: The results of any student with pending disciplinary or examination misconduct cases are usually withheld until the determination of the cases.****Medical Cases: A student with a genuine medical case may apply to repeat courses for examinations missed with proper documentation.****Special Cases: Any case that does not fall into the above cases is regarded as a special case.****Minimum residency requirement in years, if any: Nil****Minimum CGPA for graduation: 1.50****Other requirements (please specify): A student must have passed all the required courses from his Department to qualify for graduation. Such a student must also have met the industrial training requirement, passed all General Studies courses and Entrepreneurship development course as required by the University.**

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