History of the Programme

In 1972, the then Mid-Western Institute of Technology, Benin City, formally became known as the University of Benin, Benin City.  The Faculty of Engineering was one of its pioneer faculties.

The Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering was created in 1973 to run two-degree programmes, namely, Chemical Engineering and Petroleum Engineering.  The Department of Petroleum Engineering became an autonomous department in October 1984.


The general philosophy of the programme is to produce graduates with high academic standard with adequate practical background and immediate value to the industry, the nation and international community in general.

The main objectives of the Petroleum Engineering department are therefore to:

(a)          To the train Petroleum Engineers with the required qualities and capabilities to meet the ever-increasing needs for professionals in the Petroleum Industry both in Nigeria and abroad.

(b)          To produce researchers to be able to advance Petroleum Engineering both in the industry and the academia.

(c)           To produce manpower to sustain Petroleum Engineering in tertiary institutions in Nigeria and abroad.

(d)          To establish a center for research and development in Petroleum Engineering.


Academic Staff

S/No.Name of StaffStatusQualificationsArea of Specialization
1.Dr. K.O. BelloAssociate ProfessorB.Sc (Ibadan, 1994) M.Sc (Ibadan, 2000) PhD (RGU, UK, 2013)Drilling & Completion, Production Engineering and Flow Assurance
2.Prof. E.S. AdewoleProfessorB.Eng (Benin, 1989) M.Sc. (Ibadan, 1995) PhD (Benin, 2004)Reservoir System Charatarization
3.Prof. K.I. IdigbeProfessorB.Sc. (UT Austin, Texas, 1977) M.Sc. (UT Austin, Texas, 1979) PhD (UT, Austin 1984)Reservoir Engineering, Natural Gas Engineering and Natural Gas Processing and Monetization, Petroleum Engineering
4Prof. O.A. OlafuyiProfessorB.Sc (Ibadan,1997) M.Sc (Ibadan, 2000) PhD (UNSW,Sydney,2008)Reservoir Engineering, EOR & IOR
    5.Dr. P.U. OhirhianAssociate ProfessorB.Sc (Ibadan,1975 ) M.Sc (New Mexico Tech, Socorro, 1979) PhD (Benin, 2010)Production Engineering and Reservoir Engineering
6.Dr. P. O. OgbeideSenior LecturerB. Tech.(Owerri,1996) M.Sc (Owerri, 2000) Ph.D (Owerri, 2009) PGDPE (Benin, 2013) M.Eng (Benin, 2014)  Offshore Engineering and Maritime Technology
7Dr. A.A. AdenijiSenior LecturerB.Sc (Ibadan, 1995) M.Sc (Ibadan, 2001) PhD (Benin, 2017)Reservoir Engineering, Well Test Analysis and Reservoir Simulation
8Mr. M.C. ChukwumaLecturer IB.Sc (Benin, 1990) M.Sc (PortHarcourt, 2002) PGDPE (Benin, 2013) M.Eng (Benin, 2016)Petroleum Geology and Formation Evaluation
9  Engr. P.U. GiegbefumwenLecturer IB.Eng (Benin, 2007) M.Sc (IPS, PortHarcourt, 2011)Reservoir Engineering and Formation Evaluation
  10  Mr. A.A. IkhuoriahLecturer IB.Sc (1988,Ibadan, ) M.Sc (1998,Ibadan, )Reservoir Engineering and Petroleum Economics
11Dr. S.A. IgbinereSenior LecturerB.Eng. (Benin, 2005) M.Eng (Benin, 2014) PhD ( Port Harcourt, 2017)Production Engineering,Reservoir Engineering and EOR
12Dr. I. OhenhenSenior Lecturer/ Acting HODB.Eng (Benin, 2007) M.Eng (Benin, 2012) PhD ( PortHarcourt, 2017)Reservoir Engineering, EOR and Petroleum Economics
13.Dr. David OnaiwuSenior LecturerB.Eng (Benin, 2006) M.Eng (Benin, 2012) PhD ( Port Harcourt, 2017)Reservoir Engineering, Well Test Analysis and Natural Gas Engineering
14Mr. Benedict IkponmwosaLecturer IIB.Eng(Benin,2010) M.Eng (Benin, 2015)  Drilling & Completion Engineering and Reservoir Simulation
15.Mr. Blessing OtamereLecturer IB.Eng (Benin,2008) M.Eng (Benin,2015)  Drilling & Completion and Production Engineering
16.Mr. Taiwo OluwaseunLecturer IB.Eng (FUTA,2007 ) PGD(Benin,2013) M.Eng. (Benin,2014)  Reservoir Engineering and EOR
17.Mr.  E.W. OsagieLecturer IIB.Eng. (Benin,2012) M.Eng. (Benin,2015)  Reservoir Simulation, Formation Evaluation and reservoir Geomechenics
18.Mr. Isaac OmoregbeeGraduate AssistantB.Eng (Benin,2007)Production Engineering


Technical Staff

S/No.Name of StaffRank/DesignationQualifications
1.Mr. Gabriel O. NwabahDeputy  Chief TechnologistHND (PTI, Effurun,1997) B.Eng.(Benin, 2004)
  2.Engr. Imuentiyan IgbinoghoduaLaboratory Technologist IB.Eng (Benin, 2004) M.Eng. (Benin, 2012)
  3.Mrs. F. O. AjayiLaboratory Technologist IHND (PTI, Effurun, 2001)
4.Mr. V.O. OteriLaboratory Technologist IB.Eng. (Benin, 2007) PGD (Benin, 2012) M.Eng. (Benin, 2014)
5.Isuk, Nsisong JohnnyLaboratory Technologist IB.Eng. (Futo, 2006) M.Eng (Benin, 2019)
6.Igunbor Cranston OghoghoLaboratory Technologist IIB.Eng. (Benin, 2007)


Administrative Staff

S/No.Name of StaffRank/DesignationQualifications
1.Akhidue – Ogogo R.O. (Mrs)Principal Conf. Sec II Confidential SecretaryHND (Auchi, 2003) PGD (Benin, 2008) BSc.(Owerri, 2014)
2.Mrs. R. O. OduwaleAdministrative OfficerM.Ed. 2013, B. Sc. Ed 1997
3.Mrs. E. AdjainoPrincipal Executive Officer (P.E.O.II)HND Business Administration
4.Mrs. O. O. OwegieSenior Executive OfficerB.Sc. Business Administration
5.Mrs. C. OkoronkwoData EntryND, Business Administraton
6.Osarenren M. (Mr.)Executive OfficerND Political Science
7.Idowu R. T. (Miss)Clerical OfficerSSCE
8.Bamidele S. (Mr.)Senior Executive OfficerB. Ain French


200 Level Petroleum Engineering

SemesterCourse CodeCourse TitleHours per WeekCourse Credit
1ST  EMA281Engineering Mathematics22
PEE281Engineering Computer Programming22
MEE211Applied Mechanics33
MEE221Engineering Drawing I33
EEE211Electrical Engineering I33
CVE211Strength of Materials33
PRE211Manufacturing Tech. I22
ELA201Laboratory/Workshop Practice. I6*2
ENS211Engineer in Society22
PEE211Basic Petroleum Engineering22
Total Credits3024
2ND  EMA282Engineering Mathematics II44
MEE212Rigid Body Dynamics33
MEE222Engineering Drawing II33
EEE212Electrical Engineering II33
CHE222Materials Science33
PRE212Manufacturing Tech. III22
ELA202Laboratory/Workshop Practice II6*2
PEE212Drilling Technology I22
Total Credits2622

300 Level Petroleum Engineering

SemesterCourse CodeCourse TitleHours per WeekCourse Credit
1ST  EMA381Engineering Mathematics III33
MEE351Thermodynamics I22
CVE311Theory of Structures and Strength of Materials33
CHE331Technical Writing & Communication32
PEE331Well Testing and Analysis22
MEE361Fluid Mechanics22
PEE343Engineering Geology33
PEE355Drilling Fluid Systems and Engineering22
ELA301Laboratory/Workshop Practice III6*2
 Total Credits2621
2ND  PEE322Petroleum Geology44
EMA382Engineering Mathematics IV44
MEE352Thermodynamics II22
PEE358Formation Evaluation33
PEE344Reservoir Geomechanics22
PEE342Drilling Technology I33
PEE332Computer Applications in Petroleum Engineering33
ELA302Laboratory/Workshop Practice IV6*2
Total Credits2723

400 Level Petroleum Engineering

SemesterCourse CodeCourseHours WeekCourse Credit
1ST  PEE431Well Test Analysis22
EMA481Engineering Mathematics V33
PEE441Offshore Technology33
PEE411Quality Health Safety and Environment Studies32
PEE451Well Logging33
PEE461Reservoir Engineering I33
PEE471Oil and Gas Production Tech. I33
PEE401Petroleum Engineering Laboratory4*2
CED300Entrepreneurship Development22
Total Credits2626
2NDUBT400Faculty of Engineering Industrial Training66
Total Credits66

*Petroleum Engineering Laboratory – 6 hours per week

(Drilling/Reservoir Engineering Experiments)

500 Level Petroleum Engineering

SemesterCourse CodeCourse TitleHours per WeekCourse Credit
1ST  PRE571Engineering   Economics and Administration I33
PEE531Oil Field Development I33
PEE561Reservoir Engineering II33
PEE571Oil & Gas Production Tech. II33
PEE581Natural Gas Engineering33
PEE591Numerical Methods33
Total Credits2121
2ND  PRE572Engineering Management33
PEE582Natural Gas Processing33
PEE562Reservoir Engineering III33
PEE572Oil & Gas Production Technology III33
PEE532Oil Field Development II33
PEE592Elements of Reservoir Simulation33
PEE593Oil Recovery Process33
Total Credits2424


200 Level Petroleum Engineering


Definition of Energy: Why Energy, Sources of Energy, Types of Energy, what is Engineering. The Petroleum Industry: Sectors of the Petroleum Industry, Definition of Petroleum, Phases of Petroleum, Phase Behaviour – PVT Relationship(s), Geology of Petroleum: Origin (Generation), Migration &Accumulation of Petroleum. Rocks: Formations, Reservoirs, Properties of Rocks (Sedimentary Rocks), Petroleum Environments. Subsurface Activities:The Search for Petroleum, Geo-systems Engineering, Well Construction, Well tests, Facilities, Equipment, downhole. Reservoir Engineering:What is Reservoir Engineering, Objectives of Reservoir Engineering, Reservoir Forensics. Completions:Sub-surface, Surface, Perforations (methods), Sand management Solutions. Production Engineering:Well head System(s), Surface Facilities, Equipment, Functions of Production Engineering. Field Development:Definition of a Field, what is Field Development, Tools in Field Development, Challenges in Field Development.


Computer hardware: Identification of parts and function of the components of the computer, input peripherals: the keyboard, the Central Processing Unit (CPU) Overview of Engineering computer programming.  Introduction to MS-DOS, Productivity tools – MS Word, MS PowerPoint, MS Excel, etc.  Use of Excel spreadsheets to perform calculations associated with equipment design and well servicing problems, develop Gantt charts and critical paths for petroleum industry projects. Utilize petroleum industry software.


Elements of Rock Mechanics; Basic Drilling Methods; Cable Tool and Rotary Drilling methods, Advantages and Disadvantages, Equipment and Drilling Techniques used in Cable Tool Drilling; Introduction to other Drilling Methods; Rotary Drilling Practices for Oil and Gas Wells:  Basic Rotary rig components, their functions and selection, Formation Pressures prediction, Fracture Gradient Prediction; Drilling Fluids – Functions; Properties and Testing, Types of Drilling Fluids – Functions; Properties and Testing, Types of Drilling Fluids and Additives, Drilling Hydraulics;  Drilling Cost Analysis and Control.  Well Completion and Safety Techniques used in Drilling and Completion Operations, onshore and Offshore.  Drilling – Storage and Transportation Problems, Prediction of wind, wave and current forces, equipment employed in marine environment.

300 Level Petroleum Engineering


Introduction to drilling fluids – functions, types; The circulatory system; Geological and Environmental considerations; Selection, design and engineering of drilling fluids; Rheology properties and laws. The drilling fluids Personnel – duties, responsibilities; Mud pits, etc. – activities at these points.


Introduction to Pressure Testing in Wells; Objectives of Well Tests; Types of reservoirs and conditions in reservoir systems; Fundamental equations for fluid flow in reservoirs; Pressure profiles in Wells – Vertical and Horizontal; Definition of Flow regimes and periods in Vertical and Horizontal Wells; Definition of Conventional and Type Curves in Well Tests Analyses; Types of Well Tests – Drawdown, Buildup, etc.; Superposition principle in Well Tests; Pertinent Calculations with case examples.


Introduction: Definition, scope and subdivision of geology. Aspects of geology and their relevance of Civil Engineering. Brief discussion on the origin and evolution of the planets, the earth and its relations to the sun, and other planets. Structure and Composition of the Earth; The core, the mantle and the crust, Composition of the various layers, Radioactivity and magnetism of some rocks and minerals. Geological Processes: Exogenic processes (Weathering and erosion), Endogenic processes (magma – its origin, crystallization, differential and solidification into rocks, earthquakes, volcanoes, rifting ad continental drifts). Geotectonic Processes: Folding, faulting, jointing and rifting, Isostasy, changes in eustatic sea levels, causes and effects; – transgression and regression. Tectonic and sedimentation. Stratigraphy: Historic geology and stratigraphy of the earth (geological time scale, measuring geological time), fossil records, importance of fossils, types of fossils, Maps and Map reading: Topographic maps, elements of topographic maps, profile sketching; geological maps, contouring and sectioning; Geotechnical Maps and the information they convey. Mineral Resources of the Earth: Definition and physical properties of minerals, Mineral types: fossil fuels, organic minerals, metallic and non-metallic rock minerals; Mineral resources of Nigeria. Introduction to Geology of Nigeria


Principles of communication.  Parts of technical reports:  Introduction, Abstract, Main body, Conclusions and Recommendations, Tables, Figures, Graphs and Illustrations, References, Appendices.  Writing the first draft.  Revising the first draft:  Content and Structure.  Audiences, Scientific and Technical prose:  Spelling and Scientific terminology.  Using numbers and symbols.

Data:  Statistical analysis of data and display.  Software support for various writing and graphic tasks.  Use of Microsoft power point.  Preparation of curricula vitae, research grant proposals, short talks and posters and feasibility report.  Writing a thesis.


Overview of formation evaluation- Definition; petrophysical parameters; Formation evaluation techniques (Mud logging, Wireline logging, Coring, Drill stem testing, Measurement-while-drilling and logging-while-drilling, NMR, Borehole Imaging); Advantages and disadvantages of various methods. Mud logging: Definition; Mud logging information (Rock characterization, rate of penetration, gas and oil detection, etc. Wireline logging: Historical background, Logging operations, Types of logging methods and tools. Conventional Core Analysis: porosity, saturation and permeability measurement. Special Core Analysis (SCAL)- wettability, Capillary Pressure and Relative Permeability measurement. Introduction to Well Testing and Drill stem testing. Introduction to NMR, MWD, LWD, and Borehole Imaging. Data Integration: Integration of data from various sources (log, core and well test) for the evaluation of hydrocarbon reservoirs.


Elements of Geology:Revisions: Geology and Petroleum, Geology of Petroleum, Origin, Migration, Accumulation, Recovery, Geologic Time Scale: Age of the Earth, Depositional Processes and Environments, Geologic Basins and Rocks, Structural Geology, Stratigraphy, Sedimentary Rocks:Texture, Structure and Composition of Rocks, Source Rocks, Origin and Migration of Petroleum, Traps and Seals: Definitions and Classifications, Reservoir Rocks, Accumulation of Petroleum, Necessary and Sufficient Conditions for Accumulation of Petroleum, Properties of Sedimentary Rocks. Exploration for Sedimentary Rocks:Surface Geologic Methods, Geo-physical Methods for Subsurface Exploration, Drilling and Formation Evaluation Methods. Map Elaboration:Facies and Facies maps, Cross sectional Analysis; Profiles Construction, Planimeter Method, Structural Maps; Iso-pach, Iso-baric Maps. Resources Volumes and Reserves: Types of Resources in Place, Conditions of Existence, Initial Volumes in Place, Reserves. Recovery and Recovery Mechanisms: Primary Energy, Supplementary Energy. Petroleum Geology of Nigeria, Stratigraphy, Major Basins in Nigeria, Producing Basins and Geology.


Introduction to computers and programming languages; Areas of Petroleum Engineering requiring computer applications; The FORTRAN Programming language; Applications of FORTRAN Language to Petroleum Engineering problems – perform decline curve analysis and P/Z analysis, create wellbore schematics, optimize gas wells and gas gathering systems; use hydrocarbon process simulation software to predict properties of natural gas and simulate gas processing operations. Use of other programming languages such VB, Java.


Formation Damage, Lost Circulation, Stuck pipe, Fishing Operations. Causes, Control and Prevention; Well Control – Causes and Detection of Kicks, Well Control Procedures, Kill Calculations. Blowout (causes, control and prevention including equipment used).  Casing and Casing string Design – Functions and Types of Casings, Planning a casing program, casing selection and Design, Runnings, casing Landing Procedures; Cementing Operations – Functions of Cementing, types and properties of cements/additives, primary cementing operations including mud. Hole and pipe preparation, equipment (surface and downhole) used in primary cementing operations, operational techniques and evaluation, squeeze cementing, open-hole and casing plugs, etc.  Workover Operations – Introduction, Workover Techniques (Perforating, Depth Control, Squeeze Cementing, well Stimulation); Sand Control; Directional Drilling; Optimizations of Drilling Operations; Drilling in Niger Delta.


(a). A review of Basic geological concepts principles. (b). Principles of Stress and Strain: (i). Basics of stress and strain (ii). Mohr circles (iii). Effective stress concepts and the importance of pore pressure (iv). In-situ stress tensor (v). Stress field variations – structural effects (vi). Stress measurements and analysis. (c). Pore Pressure Evaluation and Estimation (i). Basic concepts (ii). Causes of over pressure (iii). Analysis Concepts: NCT, Bowers, Centroid-Effect (iv). Analysis workflow. (d). Mechanical Rock Behavior: (i). Mechanical properties – elasticity and other stress-strain behavior ( ii). Failure and beyond (iii). Thermal effects(iv). Influence of faults and fractures (v). Laboratory vs. log vs. field data. (e). Geomechanically Modeling:( i). Concepts and tools (ii). 1D/2D modeling. (f). Geomechanics as applied to Petroleum Engineering: (i). Wellbore stability (ii). Compaction/subsidence (iii). Completions (sanding) (iv) Completions (stimulation), etc.


Laboratory hours are utilized as follows:

1. Mechanical Engineering Laboratory

        (a) Thermodynamics

        (b) Mechanics

3. Petroleum Engineering Laboratory/Workshop Practices

   (a) Mud Engineering

   (b) Reservoir Engineering

   (b) PVT Analysis

400 Level Petroleum Engineering


Fundamentals: A review of petrophysical physical parameters, Invasion process, Resistivity of formation water Mud, Mud-cake and mud-filtrate; Effect of salinity on Resistivity Formation factor, porosity and lithology. Formation resistivity and saturation. Resistivity and fluid distribution Apparent resistivity. Bole hole environment

Electrical Well logs: the spontaneous potential log, Conventional resistivity logging, Induction Logging. Laterolog, Microlog, Microlaterolog.  Use and Interpretation of Electrical logs (Bed detection and definition, correlation, investigation of porosity, investigation of fluid content & contact, quantitative interpretation.

Radioactivity well logging -Basic Principles, gamma ray well logging, density log, PEF log, neutron well logging, Interpretation of radioactivity logs (identification of borehole effects, formation identification, investigation of fluid contact, fluid and porosity estimation, e.t.c)

Miscellaneous well logs –Sonic log, caliper log, dipmeter log, mud log, Drill-time log, production log geologic-sample log, Cement bond log, temperature log, collar – located log, e.t.c

Crossplots- Neutron-density, Density-sonic, Sonic-Neutron, M-N Crossplots etc. for lithology and porosity determination. Hydrocarbon In-place estimation


 Well completion and safely techniques used in Drilling and completion operations. Offshore Drilling; storage and transportation problems, prediction of wind, wave and current forces, equipment employed in marine environment. Types of offshore Drilling Rigs

  • The Operational Environment: Stability and Motion, Prediction of wind, wave and current forces, spread mooring systems, dynamic positioning of floating vessels.
  • Offshore drilling rig equipment: Rig floor equipment, motion compensation and marine riser systems, subsea wellhead, guide base and BOP Systems.
  • Drilling Operation Sequence in Offshore Environment;
  • Offshore Well Control Operations;
  • Subsea well Completions;
  • Subsea Production Systems.


Good Housekeeping, HSE Communication, HSE – MS, Personal protective equipment, fire safety management, first aid, Hazard type and risk management. Job hazard analysis. Accidents causes and prevention, workplace HES performance assessment, benefits of Good HSE.

Waste management and classification of E&P waste. Treatment methods for waste generated by oil and gas companies. DPR and FEPA guideline, impacts of oil and gas production on environment i.e. spills and flaring. Modalities for mitigating oil pollution and flaring. The role of nanoparticles in curbing oil spills and application in treating E&P waste.

Environmental parameters, physio-chemical, human interest and ecology. Definition of EIA and objectives and purposes. EIA Directive, project requiring EIA, Evolution of EIA, Types of EIA and core values, guiding principles, its philosophy; The regulation, the process, EIA process in Nigeria.

PEE461:  RESERVOIR ENGINEERING I (3CREDITS)                                                              

Introduction to Petroleum Reservoir Engineering, Physical Properties of rocks and fluids (porosity, permeability – effective and relative permeability, specific surface of rocks, compressibility of rock and fluids, fluid saturation, wettability, surface tension, capillary forces, etc.).  Fluid flow through porous media – Application of Darcy Law. Reservoir drives and races. Hydrocarbon content of reservoirs; its composition; formatting. Water and its Physical Properties. Gas behavior, basic concept of phase Behaviour of hydrocarbon systems such as single, binary and multi-components systems. Equilibrium constant and its application. Sampling for PVT analysis, other methods of determining reservoir fluid properties, evaluation and interpretation.


  1. Complex variables: Complex functions of a real variable. Elementary functions of a complex variable. Differentiation of a complex variable. Cauchy-Riemann equations. Analytic and Harmonic functions. Integration of complex variables. Cauchy’s theorem, poles and residues. Simple examples of expansion in Taylor and Laurent series. Conformal mappings.
  2. Integral Transforms: Laplace and Fourier Transforms. Application to Boundary value Problems in Mathematical Physics.
  3. Introduction to non-linear Differential Equations:
  4. Stability of linear systems and the phase portraits
  5. Long time Behaviour of the solution of non-linear differential equations deduced from related linear systems.
  6. Calculus of Variations: Lagrange’s equation and applications. Hamilton’s principle and Geodesic problems (formal proofs of the related theorems will not be required).

Iso-perimetric problems.

  1. Probability: Probability Laws, conditional probability and dependence of events. Discrete and continuous probability distribution. The probability function; the density function and the distribution function. Expected values, moments, standard distribution, Binomial, Poison and normal.
  2.  Statistics: Regression and Correlation; total, partial and multiple. Large sampling Theory: Sampling distribution of mean, proportion, difference of two means and proportion. Confidence intervals for mean, proportion, difference of two means and proportions.
  3. Test of Hypotheses: types I and II errors. Power of a test. Large sample test concerning the mean, proportion, difference of two means and proportions.
  4. Quality control.


Fractured reservoirs; Flow behavior; fracture detection; conventional evaluation; type curves. Injection Well Testing; (Fall of analysis, injectivity test, step rate test).  Testing Methods; drill stem testing, interference testing. Pulse testing; pulse testing, SFT.Other equipment.

Gas well testing. Further type-curve matching. Elementary horizontal well testing and analysis.


Completion of Oil and Gas Wells – single and multiple completion; open holes, Perforation Methods.  Interval Selection. Productivity Consideration.

Well Head and Bottom Hole Equipment – Check and starting up of oil and gas wells.

Well Surveillance – Diagnosis, well-bore Damage (Drawdown and Build-up).

Production Logging.

Critical Completion Conditions – Sizing of Tubular Goods.

Forum on Tubing and Packers (Anchored and unanchored Tubing, Helical Buckling).

Wire-Line Operations

Workover Techniques – Perforating, Depth Control, Squeeze Cementing. Well

Treatments (Acidizing, Fracturing, Sand Control).

Fundamentals of Vertical Flow for Multiphase, System (Krislov’sPoettmann and Carpenter, Gilbert’s Ros’s and other theories). Single and two-phase flow through a choke. Flowing oil wells. Types and control of flowing wells.


Refinery Flow Sheet: Overall Refinery Operations, Terminology, Storage, Interrelationship of Processes.

Feed Stocks: Chemistry, Properties and Types of Crude Oils, Effects of Properties on Refinery Operation. Refinery products: motor fuels, heating oils, lubricating oils, petrochemical feed stocks, etc. specifications on refinery products. Crude oil processing: desalting, atmospheric and vacuum distillation. Processes for motor fuel yields: Reforming, catalytic cracking, hydrocracking, alkylation polymerization and isomerization. Calculation of product yield from these processes. Use of commercial software for calculation of yield from refinery processes. Product blending to meet specification. Octane, cetane, flash point and viscosity blending. Sulphur removal and recovery in refineries processing crudes. Water and air pollution control.


Drilling Practices, Core Analysis, PVT Analysis.


500 Level Petroleum Engineering


Differential equation for fluid flow through porous media. Estimation of oil and gas in place, recoverable reserves by different methods; categorization of reserves.  Derivation of material balance equation and production performance for different types of reservoir such as solution gas drive, water drive, gas cap drive, gas cap drive etc.; Water influx calculation,

Reservoir models. Statistics and interpretation of production Data (Production of oil, water and gas, GOR, porosity, permeability).


Artificial Lift Methods,

Introduction (Gas Lift Method, Sucker-rod Pumping, Rodless Pumping). Gas Lift-Basic

Concept, (Continuous Flow Gas Lift, Intermittent gas lift, plunger lift). Selecting. Optimum Tubing size and design of tubing string (Fixed rate of oil and minimum gas requirement; oil flow rate and given gas consumption. Maximum feasible liquid production), Gas – Life Valves and Valve spacing (operation and dimension, unloading a well, valve depths and choke sizes). Injection gas supply, plunger lift).

Bottom-Hole Pump Production

Sucker – rod pumps, (Wellhead, surface and sub-surface equipment).  Rod string, rod load, string design, effective plunger stroke, buckling of tubing.  Operating points (Production Capacity, volumetric efficiency, maximum liquid production, minimum polished head.  Pumping units. Rodless bottom hole pumps (Hydraulic pumps, electric centrifugal pumps and other types).  Automatic controls and Interpretation of Data production economics – Optimum economical operation techniques and optimum sizes of production equipment in the case of flowing production, and artificial lift production.

Choice of most economic production methods.


A review on decision methods: payback period, discounted cash flow, Internal rate of return, e.t.c. Applications of Probability Distributions, Binomial and Normal Distributions Arrivals, Rate occurrences and Services requirements. Multiple kinds of objects and economic outcomes. Appraisal of uncertain ventures; Statistical appraisal method for several ventures. Uncertainty and Risk Analysis: Decision Trees and Economic models: Analysis of a probability tree.  Comparing Alternatives; retaining partial working interest versus overriding royal interest.  Evaluating acceptance of a farm-out. Stochastic decision trees forecasting and planning. Evaluation of future production by performance trends:  Decline curves, theoretical relations.  Simulation – the Monte Carlo Method. Petroleum Fiscal Arrangement and their economic models: production sharing Contract, Joint venture, e.t.c. Fiscal Cost analysis: CAPEX, OPEX.  How does cost influence the oil and gas industry and its project: Understand the scope and structure of the industry? Projects and programmes management. The difference between value engineering and cost reduction. Basis for project planning, cost estimation and techniques. Cost Data Management: Cost modeling process, benchmarking. Construct parametric log – log charts using regression analysis.


What is Natural Gas? Definition of Petroleum, Definition of Natural Gas/Natural Gas Industry, Sources of Natural Gas, Categories of Natural Gas, Classifications of Natural Gas. Phase Behavior (of Natural Gas), Ideal/Real Gas Laws, Properties of Natural Gas, PVT Diagrams. Reservoir Engineering Aspects of Natural Gas: What is a Natural Gas Reservoir, Types of Natural Gas Reservoirs, Volumetric Driven Natural Gas Reservoirs, Water Driven Natural Gas Reservoirs, Key factors that drive Natural Gas in the Reservoir, Pressure System(s) in a Natural Gas Reservoir, Equation(s) for Natural Gas Systems in the Reservoir, Deliverability Equation(s). Well Engineering Aspects of Natural Gas, Definition of a Natural Gas Well, Types of a Natural Gas Well, Vertical and Directional: Factors that affect Flow of Natural Gas in the Well, Pressure Profiles in Natural Gas Wells, Equation(s) for Natural Gas System(s) in Wells, Optimization Scenarios of Natural Gas Production, Modeling Scenarios, Sizing of Facilities/Trouble Shooting, Possible Effluents at the Surface 


Review of relevant concepts and equations for reservoir performance studies; Concepts of ordinary and partial deferential equations in reservoir studies; Analytical solution methods; Numerical solution methods – Taylor Series, Zeros of a Function, Numerical Integration, etc.; Introduction to computational studies.


The Management Environment-Formation of a company, sources of finance, money and credits. Insurance, National policies, GNP growth rate and prediction. Balance of payments. Letal liabilities under company law, legal and contractual obligations to employees and the public, contractual obligations. Organizational Management- Principles of organization, span of control. Elements of organization. Types. Principles of management. Schools of thought. Management by objectives. Financial Management- Accounting methods. financial statement. elements of costing. cost planning and control. budget and budgetary control. Cost reduction programmes. Personnel Management- Selection, recruitment and training. Job evaluation. Merit rating. Incentive schemes. Trade unions and collective bargaining. Industrial Psychology- Individual and group Behaviour. The learning processes. Motivation and morale. Influence of the Industrial Environment.


General Overview of field development: (i). Definition and importance of FDP(ii) other Definitions-Exploration, Appraisal, development, production, surface operations and field abandonment. (iii). Phases of Field development: Analytical, Modeling and Forecasting

Exploration and Appraisal: (i). Exploration evaluation and drilling techniques (ii) Log evaluation (iii) Mapping and volumetric (iv) Risk and uncertainty analysis using Monte Carlo analysis (v) Appraisal methods and value of information Subsurface and surface development planning (vi). Selecting drive mechanisms. Generating and evaluating options: (i). Well design (ii) Production forecasting (iii). Selecting, sizing and costing facilities. Economic analysis of options: Run project economics using spreadsheets. Process design for surface facilities: Designing the process. Bringing the field to production: Production development strategy ii. well sequencing Managing production and well intervention :(i) Managing production decline; – well workovers, facilities maintenance (ii).  Identifying and evaluating near-field opportunities- development plan for satellite field development (iii) Integrated exercise using actual /hypothetical case studies – economic evaluation of incremental projects.


Surface production operations. Review of well heads and X-mas tree; Types of valves and pressure regulators. Separation of Oil and Gas – Basic mechanism:  Equilibrium calculations. Factors affecting separator performance – (Pressure, Temperature, Stage, separation, composition) Types of separators (spherical, vertical and horizontal) (cyclone, 3-phase, auto-metering, etc.). Selection of separator type. Oil storage tanks and gauges. Oil and Gas gathering systems. Transportation of oil isothermal and non- isothermal flow. Calculation of head loss for the steady state flow of a Newtonian oil (Chernikin’s Theory and Ford’s Theory). Start up pressure of oils. Improvement of flow characteristics.


What is Natural Gas Processing? Gas to Wealth”: Gas to Wealth: Definitions of Wealth; Assets, etc. Natural Gas and the Possible Effluents at the Surface, why do we Process Natural Gas, Processing Points/Vessels at the Surface, Natural Gas and Water Systems. Phase Behavior of Natural Gas/HC and NG/Water Systems, Wellhead Conditions and Processing of NG Systems, Effluents Entry into Separator Vessels – P, V, T Conditions, Separators: Types, Phase and Stage Separation, Flash Behavior and Calculations, Bubble Point and Dew Point Definitions and Determinations. Processing of Natural Gas Systems: Vapor Derivatives”, De-hydration of the Natural Gas Systems, Dew Point Depression, Hydrates, Inert Gases, Acidic Gases; Sour Gases, Scrubbing of Processed Natural Gas Systems, Key factors that drive Process Vessels. Fractionation of Processed Natural Gas Systems, Definition of Fractionation of Natural Gas Systems, Natural Gas Liquids Extraction (NGLs). Monetization of Natural Gas: LNG Asset/group, Gas to Power Assets/group, Petrochemicals Assets/group, Other Gas Assets/group, Factors that affect Monetization of Natural Gas. Compressors and Transportation of Natural Gas, Optimization Scenarios of Natural Gas Systems, Modeling Scenarios, Sizing of Facilities and Type Networks.


Types of reservoirs and appropriate conditions; Objectives of reservoir modelling; Review of partial differential equations for reservoir models; Finite Difference Methods; Concepts of Static and Dynamic modelling; Introduction to Productivity tools – MBAL, Prosper, Saphir, Eclipse, Power log etc.; Case Studies.


Oil Field Development. Gas Field Development, (Volumetric, water drive, Gas-condensate reservoirs) Introduction to additional and secondary recovery and its definition, different methods, mobility ratio, basic flooding networks used in industry, effect of mobility, sweep efficiency etc.  Injection rate and pressures in secondary recovery. Water source and its treatment, water flooding calculations using different methods – spacing and row of the wells.  Immiscible and miscible displacement processes polymer flooding, Thermal recovery methods. Economics of the oil and gas reservoir. Evaluation and Feasibility Studies.


Principles of Displacement: Review of rock properties, reservoir fluid properties,

Phase Behaviour, Displacement efficiencies;

  • Gas Methods: Miscible Slug, Enriched gas, high pressure lean gas, carbon dioxide, Nitrogen and other inert gasses;
  • Chemical Methods: Micellar-Polymer, Polymer Augmented Water-flood, Permeability alteration etc.
  • Thermal Methods: Steam Stimulation, Steam Drive, In-situ Combustion;
  • Foam Injection;
  • Economic Factors;

Types of Reservoir Models.  History matching and performance prediction

Formation of partial differential equations of reservoir fluid flow. Initial and boundary conditions. Infinite and bounded reservoirs. Finite difference formulation of equations. Numerical models for solution of finite difference approximation. Study will include single and multiphase flows; one dimensional and two-dimensional simulation.