Materials and Metallurgical Engineering is a broad discipline that studies materials, including metals and non-metals, their extraction, production, manufacturing of components, recycling, economics, environmental stability and applications in various aspects of human life.

This branch of engineering consists of development of metallic, ceramics, polymeric and composite materials. It studies the traditional materials including steel, cast iron, copper, aluminium, titanium, magnesium, etc and their alloys as well as the non-metals, plastics, ceramics, glass and is continually developing new materials to meet different design conditions.Expanded researches in the field are focusing on biomaterials, smart functional materials, nanocomposites, superalloys, electro-ceramics etc. These materials are processed to obtain desired properties and structures. Appropriate selection, methods of production, heat treatment and finishing are applied to meet needs of transportation, medicine, clothing, recreation, food production, power generation, communication, housing, and other areas of life.It is using expanding technological advancement in microscopy, spectrometry and chromatography to study the structure of materials and establish material properties for different usages.

Nigeria is endowed with abundant natural resources. The solid minerals resources require expertise to harness them for sustainable national development. A measure of a nation’s economic growth and power is a function of her production of metals and materials as a whole and the per capital output. Materials and metallurgical engineers are the major players needed to achieve the responsibilities of industrialization and national development through the materials and metallurgical industry.

The Department aims to train students in fundamental engineering principles that will contribute to development of the vast resources spread across the nation and globally.


The philosophy of the Metallurgical and Materials Engineering programme is the development of technical manpower with requisite knowledge and skills to produce materials, processes and procedures needed for the sustainable growth and industrialization of Nigeria.


  1. To train engineers in materials development and metallurgical principles, in addition to the fundamentals of engineering to solve contemporary problems
  • To produce graduates that will be able to exercise original thought, have good professional judgment and be able to take responsibility for the execution of important tasks.
  • To adapt and adopt exogenous technology to improve on indigenous technology in order to solve local engineering problems.
  • To train engineers thatwill manage people, fund, materials and equipment to install and maintain complex engineering systems for optimal performance in our environment.
  • To produce graduates that will be able to communicate effectively in a variety of situations.
  • To train competent engineers that will be successful in the global engineering profession.






      1B. O. OnyekpeProfessorPhD (Metallurgy, Material Engr. & Corrosion, 1982 Aston) M.Sc. (Metallurgy, Material Engr. & Corrosion, 1980 Aston) C. Eng.  London     1981 COREN    REGDIndustrial Metallurgy and Corrosion Management
      2F. F. O. OrumwenseProfessorM.Sc. (Materials, 1981 Leeds) B.Sc. (Materials, 1980 Staffordshire)  N.D (1975     Auchi) COREN FNSE 2015Materials Engineering
        3E. G. Sadjere  Associate Professor/ CoordinatorPhD (Design & Manufacturing Engineering, 2009 UNIBEN) M.Eng (Design & Manufacturing Engineering, 1999 UNIBEN) B.Eng (Mechanical Engineering, 1981      UNN) COREN                   1988 FNSE                       2001Design and Manufacture; Materials and Applied Energy
    4U. G. Unueroh (Mrs)  Lecturer IM.Eng (Industrial Metallurgy & Corrosion Mgt, 2012 UNIBEN) B.Eng (Agricultural Engineering, 2005     FUTA) COREN                    2013Industrial Metallurgy and Corrosion Management
    5O. AwhemeLecturerM.Eng (Industrial Metallurgy & Corrosion Mgt. 2014 UNIBEN) B.Eng(Metallurgical & Materials Engr., 2000  FUTA)  Industrial Metallurgy and Corrosion Management
      6J. JesumirheweLecturer IM.Eng (Industrial Metallurgy & Corrosion Mgt. 2013 UNIBEN) B.Eng(Mechanical Engineering, 2000    UNIBEN) MNSEIndustrial Metallurgy and Corrosion Management
    7N. O. IgbinonmwanhiaLecturer IM.Eng (Production Engineering, 2013   UNIBEN) B.Eng (Mechanical Engineering, 2005     UNIBEN) COREN                      2014Industrial Metallurgy and Corrosion Management
    8M. Awotunde (Mrs)Lecturer IB.Eng (Metallurgical & Materials Engineering, 2004  OAU) M.Eng (Industrial Metallurgy & Corrosion Mgt. 2015  UNIBEN)Industrial Metallurgy and Corrosion Management
    9M. O Oisakede (Mrs)Lecturer IM.Eng (Industrial Metallurgy & Corrosion Mgt., 2014   UNIBEN) B.Eng(Mechanical Engineering, 2006    A.A.U.)Industrial Metallurgy and Corrosion Management




    1    R. OmigiePrincipal Executive Officer II Admin/ Executive Duties



1STCVE211Strength of Materials33
ECP281Engineering Computer Programming22
EEE211Electrical Engineering I33
ELA201Laboratory / Workshop Practice22
EMA281Engineering Mathematics I22
ENS211Engineering in Society22
MEE211Engineering Mechanics I33
MEE221Engineering Drawing I33
PRE211Manufacturing Technology I22
Total Credits2222
2NDMME222Material Science33
EEE212Electrical Engineering II33
ELA202Laboratory / Workshop Practice22
EMA282Engineering Mathematics II44
MEE212Engineering Mechanics II33
MEE222Engineering Drawing II33
PRE212Manufacturing Technology II22
Total credits2020


1stCHE341Industrial Process Calculations33
CVE311Theory of Structures & Strength of Materials33
ELA301Materials Laboratory and Workshop Practice62
EMA381Engineering Mathematics III33
MEE351Thermodynamics I22
MEE361Fluid Mechanics I22
MME311Properties of Materials  33
MME321Physical Metallurgy I33
PRE311Manufacturing Technology III22
Total credits2723
 ELA302Material Lab & Workshop Practice II62
2ndEMA382Engineering Mathematics IV33
MME312Fuels, Furnaces & Refractories 22
MME322Polymeric materials22
MME332Mineral processing Technology 22
MME352Metallurgical Thermodynamics22
MME362Joining and Welding Technology22
MME372Solidification & Foundry Technology22
MEE372Computer Graphics42
Total Credits2723


1ST  CED300Entrepreneurship for Materials Engineers22
ELA401Materials Laboratory & Workshop- Practice62
EMA481Engineering Mathematics V33
MME411Material Testing & Experimental Techniques22
MME421Physical Metallurgy II33
MME431Deformation and fracture mechanics22
MME441Technical report Writing and Communication22
MME451Chemical metallurgy22
MME461Electrochemistry and Corrosion33
MME471Heat and Mass Transfer22



2nd  UBT400Students Industrial Work Experience Scheme (SIWES)66



1ST  MME501Project93
MME505Computer Aided Design (CAD)22
MME511Iron-steel Technology22
MME521Composite Materials22
MME531Engineering Plasticity22
MME541Introduction to Nanotechnology22
MME551Metallurgical Process & Plant Design22
PRE571Engineering Economics and Administration, I33
 Optional Courses  
MME561Production Metallurgy (0ptional)22
MME571Functional Materials (Optional)22
MME581Nuclear Materials (Optional)22
2ND  MME502Project93
MME506Materials & Metallurgical Engineering in Industry22
MME512Non-ferrous Extractive Metallurgy22
MME522Powder Metallurgy, Ceramics and Glasses22
MME532Mechanics of Metal-forming22
MME542Transport Phenomena in Material Processing33
MME552Failure Analysis & Material Selection33
PRE572Engineering Economics and Administration II22
 Optional Courses  
MME562Corrosion Monitoring and Control22
MME572Foundry Technology II 22



CVE211: STRENGTH OF MATERIALS I                                                                                       3 CREDITS

Force equilibrium: – free body diagrams, concept of stress and strain. Tensile test. Young’s moduli and other strength factors.

Axially loaded bars, composite bars, temperature stresses and simple indeterminate problems. Hoop stress: cylinders, rings.

Bending moment, shear force and axial diagrams for simple cases.

ECP 281:  ENGINEERING COMPUTER PROGRAMMING                                                    2 CREDITS

  • Computer Hardware: Identification of parts and function of the components of the computer; Input peripherals- The keyboard, the mouse, the touch pad, the joystick, and other pointing devices; The Central Processing Unit (C.P.U.)- The Arithmetic Logic Unit (A.L.U.), the primary and secondary memory (RAM, ROM, etc.), the frame buffer and other storage devices; The Output peripherals – The monitor, the printer, plotters and other hardcopy devices; The general operations (House Keeping)- Retrieval, manipulation and storage of data, etc.
  • Computer Software: The principles and operations of the various kinds of software; System Software- Windows environment, Disk operating System environment (DOS), UNIX system, LINUX system, etc. Application software- Word processors, spreadsheet, databases management, work managers, presentation packages, Graphic packages, draughting packages, etc.; The internet- the principle and applications Networks, www, surfing the NET, e-mail, http and protocols. Practical and hands-on exercises with mini projects to test for proficiency will be emphasized.


EEE 211: ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING I                                                                                       3 CREDITS

Units.  Basic Circuit Elements and their behaviour in DC Circuits. Basic Circuit Laws and Theorems.

Introduction to A.C. CircuitsResonance, Power and Power Factor.  3-Phase Circuits.  Transformers. Basic Distribution System, Introduction to DC and AC Machines.

EMA 281:   ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS I                                                                          3 CREDITS

  1. Complex Analysis: Roots of complex number- Addition formulae for any number of angles. To express sin Ө in series of sines or cosines of multiple angles. Exponential function of a complex variable. Circular functions of complex variable, Hyperbolic functions. Real and imaginary parts of circular and hyperbolic functions. Logarithmic function of a complex variable. Real numbers, sequence and series- their convergence and divergence.
  2. Vector force moment and angular velocity. Vector differentiation and integration.
  3. Linear Algebra: Linear spaces, algebra of determinants and matrices.
  4. Calculus: Differentiations and applications; the mean value theorem and its applications. Extension of mean value theorem. Taylor and McLaurin formulae; Leibnitz’s theorem. (Application to the solution of differential equations with variable coefficients), de L’Hospital’s, partial derivatives of functions of two and more variables.

ENS 211:  ENGINEER IN SOCIETY                                                                                                2 CREDITS

  • Philosophy of science
  • History of engineering and technology
  • Safety in engineering and introduction to risk analysis
  • The role of engineers in nation building
  • Invited lectures from professionals

MEE 211: ENGINEERING MECHANICS I                                                                                   3 CREDITS

Mechanics, Fundamental quantities of mechanics. Division of Mechanics, Coordinates and dimension in a space problem solving. Vector, system forces and couples, Rigid Bodies and Equilibrium. Distributed forces. Structures and Mechanics. Friction. Moments and product of inertia. Work and virtual work.

MEE 221:  ENGINEERING DRAWING I                                                                                      3 CREDITS

Introduction. General constructions. Principle of tangency. Construction of slopes. Tapers and Gradients. Fundamental of descriptive geometry and projection drawing. Central. Parallel, Axonometric and orthographic Projections. Projections of points, lines, plane figure and simple objects. True lengths. Orthographic projections of simple geometrical solids. Cylinder, Cone, Pyramid, Prism, Sphere, Hemisphere, Locus I and II, Ring, Drawing of three orthographic projections in first angle from the isometric views of a detail. Non-circular curves. Construction of an ellipse, parabola, hyperbola, sinusoid, spiral of Archimedes, involutes, cycloid, expiry, hypocycloid.


PRE 211: MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY I                                                                        2 CREDITS

Elementary introduction to types and organization of engineering workshops covering jobbing, batch, mass production.  Engineering materials:  Their uses and properties.  Safety in workshops and general principles of working.   Bench work and fitting:  Hand tools, instruments.  Carpentry:  Hand tools, materials, types of joint, processing of timber.  Blacksmithing, and tools and working principles.  Joints and fastenings: threaded fasteners, riveting, welding, brazing, and soldering.  Measurement and marking out for uniformity, circularity, concentricity, etc.  Standard measuring tools used in the workshop.


CME222: MATERIALS SCIENCE                                                                                                    3 CREDITS

Atomic structure:  Review of structure and bonding of materials.  Atomic and molecular structure (molecular, crystal and amorphous structure).  The metallic.  Defects in crystals.  Electronic structures and processes (conductors, semi-conductors and insulators).

Alloy theory:  A simplified introduction to alloy theory illustrated by the Pb-Sn and Fe-C system.  Application to industrially important alloys.

Engineering properties of materials:  Engineering properties of material and their treatment of material and their control through changes in structure (Hot and cold-working of metals, heat-treatment of steel, annealing, etc.).  Failure of metals (creep, fracture and fatigue).  Corrosion and corrosion control.

Non-metallic materials:  Non-metallic materials and their properties (glass, natural and synthetic rubber, plastics, ceramics and wood).


EEE212: ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING II                                                                                       3 CREDITS

Physics of Devices: Atomic Structure, Material Classification, Electron Omission, Gas Discharge Devices, Semiconductor Materials, p-n junction diode and Transistor.  Transistor Switching Characteristics.  Rectification and D.C. Power supplies.  Electrical measurement: voltmeters, ammeters, ohmmeters, wattmeters, energy meters, measurement of three phase power.

MEE 212:  ENGINEERING MECHANICS II                                                                                                 3 CREDITS

Position, reference frames and coordinates; Types of coordinates, scalar and vector functions, function differentiation, Derivatives of vectors and moving references, frames, velocities and accelerations relative motion. Kinetics of Rigid bodies: Transient on and rotation about a fixed axis for rigid bodies, general two dimensional motion of rigid bodies. Vectorial and non-vectorial techniques, impulse, momentum, energy methods, moment of inertia, equivalent mass and moment of inertia. Simple cases of equivalent dynamic systems. Kinematics of simple harmonic motion. Simple harmonic motion.

EMA 282:  ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS II                                                                          4 CREDITS

  1. Further integration: Reduction formulae.
  2. Differential Equations
  3. General review. Exact differential equations. Simple applications in geometry, mechanics, chemical reactions and heat flow.
  4. Second order linear differential equation with constant coefficients. Further D-operator method. Solution of second order. Differential equations by method of change of variables. Introduction to partial differential equations (separation of variables)
  5. Mechanical and Electrical oscillations of damped and undamped mechanical systems. Electric circuit theory. Resonances.
  6. Numerical Methods: Introduction to numerical computations. Solution of non-linear equations. Solution of simultaneous linear equations- both direct and iterative schemes. Finite difference operators. Introduction to linear programming (Graphical solution).

MEE222:  ENGINEERING DRAWING II                                                                                                      3 CREDITS

First and third angle orthographic projections of complex objects. Axonometric projection and their basic type’s geometry. Construction of abode, prism, pyramid, circle, long cylinder in isometry. Construction of isometric views for three and two orthographic projections of an object. Freehand Drawing. Development of surfaces curves of intersection. Interpenetration solids. Basic mechanical engineering drawing. Basic civil engineering drawings including topographical, geological, structural and architectural. Basic wiring drawings, electronic component circuits.


PRE 212: MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY II                                                                      2 CREDITS

Simple metal cutting applied to hand tools.  Single point tool geometry.  Cutting fluid General principles of working of standard metal cutting machine tools.  Work and tool movement, speed and feed range.  Centre lathe operations: Straight/taper turning.  Thread cutting.  Parts of lathes accessories and attachments used on centre lathe.  Drilling machine, drill bits and uses.  Production of pig iron, wrought iron, plain carbon and alloy steel and cast iron.


CHE341:  INDUSTRIAL PROCESS CALCULATIONS                                                                                                 3 CREDITS

Introduction to equipment of chemical plants equipment for movement and storage of material, heat transfer equipment, mass transfer equipment and equipment for physical processes. The Chemical equation and stoichiometry: limiting reactant, excess reactant, conversion, selectivity and yield. Material balances: Calculations for steady state systems involving inerts, recycle, by- pass and purges. Energy Balances: Forms of energy and overall energy balance for a chemical system. Heat capacities. Calculation of enthalpy changes: heats of fusion, vapourisation, reaction, formation and combustion, solution and mixing. Combined material and energy balances. Enthalph-concentration charts-application and construction.

CVE 311:              STRENGTH OF MATERIALS II                                                                                                        3 CREDITS

  • Advanced topics in bending moment and shear force in beams.
  • Theory of bending of beams. Deflections of beams. Unsymmetrical bending and shear centre. Applications. Strain energy.
  • Biaxial and triaxial states of stress. Transformation of stresses. Mohr’s circle. Failure theories.
  • Springs.
  • Creep, fatigue, fracture and stress concentration.

MEE 351: THERMODYNAMICS I                                                                                                                                 2 CREDITS

Systems, stages, property, interactions, equilibrium, cycle, point and path functions temperature, etc. Thermodynamic Properties of Pure Substances: Perfect gas, specific and latent heats, equations of state. Phases of pure substances – solids, liquids and gases. Phases Equilibria and changes in critical point, properties of vapours, use of thermodynamics tables. Heat and Work Transfer: First law of thermodynamics, general energy equation and Bernoulli’s equation. Engine cycles, air- standard cycle, Otto-cycle, simple gas turbine cycle, Carnot cycle, heat pump, etc. Second law of thermodynamics, entropy irreversibility.

MEE 361: FLUID MECHANICS I                                                                                                                                    2 CREDITS

Fundamental notions and Definitions: Continuum property, density, pressure, specific volume, surface tension, viscous compressibility, etc. Fluid Statics: Hydrostatic forces on submerged surfaces in incompressible fluid, pressure variation in static fluids, floatation, stability considerations of floating bodies.

Dynamics of Fluid Flow: Systems and control volume approach to the basic and subsidiary laws for continuous media leading to the development of conservation equations of mass and momentum. Euler’s equation, Bernoulli’s equation. Introduction to Incompressible Viscous Flow: Flow of Newtonian fluids in pipes – pressure drop and shear stress in pipe flows, velocity distribution, Reynolds number and its significance.

Dimensional Analysis: Philosophy of dimensional analysis in engineering, dimensional homogeneity, similitude, Buchingams’s Pi-Theorem, important dimensionless groups in engineering. Flow Measurements: Flow meters and flow measurement, head flow meters in closed and open conduits mechanical and electromagnetic flow meters, scale errors in flow measurement.

MME 311 – PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS                                                                                  3 CREDITS

Deformation and Elasticity: Condensed states of matter, Deformation of Solids and Liquids; displacement, strain rotation.   Stress, Hooke’s Law for isotropic materials, Elastic constants and the relations between them. Measurement of Elastic Constants: Plastic Properties: Stress – strain Curves, yield stress, proof stress, ultimate tensile strength, ductility.   True Stress, true strain, work hardening.   Fracture, toughness, hardness, recovery and recrystallization, Creep, fatigue. Thermal Properties: thermal energy, specific heat, thermal expansion. Thermal shock. Effects of thermal properties on material behaviour. Electrical, optical and Magnetic Materials and Devices.   Introduction to electronic, optical and magnetic properties of materials in terms of their electronic structure, chemical composition and bonding.   Properties of metals, semiconductors and insulators including electrical conduction, thermoelectric power. Hall effect, optical absorption and reflection, luminescence, para – and ferromagnetism – effects of micro – structure and impurity content. Texture effect. 

MME 321 – PHYSICAL METALLURGY I                                                                                      3 CREDITS

Introduction to metals and metal alloy systems. The metallic bond and structure of metals. Solidification of pure metals, effect of variables on structure solidification as a nucleation and growth process.   Solidification of non-crystalline materials. Preparation of materials to reveal structure, use of microscope Annealing of metals, grain   growth, surface energy and shapes of crystals.   Deformation, slip, twinning, effect of microstructure, viscous flow.   Annealing of deformed metals.   Effect of variables.   Binary Equilibria – Alloying, solid solutions.   Equilibrium of phase diagrams, complete solubility, Cu/Ni type, Lever rule. Effect of cooling changes in solid, heterogeneous Equilibria, Claudius – Chaperon, on vapour pressure, phase rule, definitions and proof.   Introducing activity and potential P-T diagrams, condensed systems.   Peritectics, More complex equilibrium diagrams with maxima, minima Compounds, etc. Iron – Iron carbide diagram, Hysteresis, allotropy. Applications-Cast Steel, wrought steels, Effect of Cooling on structure of steels. Martensite. Quenching, T.T.T. curves, hardenability. Bainite, Alloying. Tempering properties and structure.  Surface hardening.   High alloy steels, cast irons, stability Fe3C, Iron-graphite equilibrium.  Copper, Copper – Zinc alloys as an example of different strengthening processes.

PRE 311: MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY III                                                                                                     2 CREDITS

(For Non–Production Engineering Students)

Working principles, size and specification, classification, principal parts, work–holding and driving mechanisms of shaping, slotting, planning machines, turret and capstan lathes. Applications of automatic and semi–automatic lathes. Milling operations and machines: types, cutters, attachments, direct and simple indexing. Grinding machines and wheels: wheel characteristics, selection, specification, etc. Various methods of grinding processes, speed and feed applied. Welding of ferrous/non–ferrous metals and alloys, cast iron.

Uses of brazing and soldering. Plastic and powder metallurgy. Basic principles of pattern, mould, core making: their materials, allowances, etc. Metal melting and casting.

MME 312 – FUELS, FURNACES AND REFRACTORIES                                                          2 CREDITS

Types of fuels– solids, liquids and gaseous. Fuel classification and characteristic – Solid fuels – classification:  theories of formation of coal.  Types and properties of coal.  Proximate and ultimate analysis of coal, carburization of coal (coke and by products). Testing and properties. –  Liquid Fuels: classification. Theories of formation of petroleum, petroleum refining, distillation, synthetic petrol.  Bergius process, fisher process and trospech. Coal tar fuels. Testing and properties. –  Gaseous fuels:  classification.  Production of PG, WG, CWG, LD Gas, Coke oven and gas and BF gas.  Industrial gasification processes.  Lurgi, Winklers, and kopper Totzek processes, properties and testing. –  Liquid and gaseous fuel burners. Combustion problem. Refractories: definition, raw materials, properties, classification and general description. Manufacturing of Refractories: Manufacture, properties, application and economy, of alumino-silicate, silica, magnesite, dolomite, chrome-magnesite, chromite, carbon Refractories, changes during drying and firing, significance of phase diagrams. Behaviour of Refractories in services, including mechanism of thermal and other modes of spalling and attack. Properties and casting of Refractories. Refractory materials made from pure oxides: –   Al2O3, MgO,  CaO,  BeO,  ZnO  and Cermets.

Furnaces: Classification of furnaces and their uses in steady state conduction, convection and radiation. Heat utilization in furnaces, available heat, factors affecting available heat.  Heat losses in furnace and furnace efficiency. Heat balance and sankey diagrams. Principles of waste heat recovery. Recuperators and regenerators. Types and applicability.  Protective atmosphere and their applications.  Treatment of some basic furnaces.

MME322              POLYMERIC MATERIALS                                                                                                2 CREDITS

Chemistry – polymerization process – condensation polymerization, addition polymerization.  Epoxide Co-polymerization (fibre glass, carbon, fibre materials) synthetic rubbers.  Styrenebutadine rubber.  Thermoplastics and thermosetting plastic technology – polymerization systems. Molecular weight and melt flow index mould techniques – including seam – mould for expanded polystyrene, compression moulding. Injection mould, extrusion moulding, calendaring, solid state forming.


i)  Melt-Chain configuration and flow processes on cooling.

ii)  The glass transition (amorphous polymers).  The temperature/time superposition principles and the WLF equation.

iii)  Rubber and rubber requirements for crystallization X-ray evidence and unit cell. Theory of spherulite growth.

Mechanical properties

Visco – elasticity.  Stress – strain curves.  Stiffness, creep environmental stress cracking of polymers. Modern plastic – epoxy resins etc.

MME 332: MINERAL PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY                                                                               3 CREDITS

Objectives and scopes, classification of minerals –liquids and solids. Occurrence and sources of solid minerals. A survey of Nigeria’s solid mineral reserves. Quality issues in solid mineral processing.  concept of liberations.  Communition  (ore  preparation), study of primary and secondary crushing and grinding units (jaw, gyratory, reduction gyratory and roll crushers). Theory of ball mill operation, treatment of crushing and grinding laws: e.g. Rittinger’s Kick’s and Bond’s law. Laboratory sizing units: screening, elutriation, sedimentation, representation of size analysis data, sizing equipment used in industry, elementary concepts of movements of solid in fluids.  Stokes and Newton’s laws.  Reynolds number free and hindered settling.  Classification and its application in mineral dressing.  Some separation techniques; tabling, jigging, magnetic and electrostatic separation, flotation, surface tension, surface energy and contact angle.  Floatability, frothers, collectors and modifying agents.  Solution chemistry and surface chemistry.  Differential flotation, flotation circuits.  Dewatering techniques (sedimentation – filtration– drying). Treatment of sample flow sheets for beneficiation of some industrial minerals e.g. Fe, Mn, Cr, Cu, Pb, Zn, Ta. Beach sands, gypsum, limestone, clays etc. Review of solid mineral development in Nigeria. Economics and environmental issues in solid mineral processing.

MME 342 – CRYSTALLOGRAPHY                                                                                                                 2 CREDITS

External morphology of crystals. Law of constant angle. Representation by directions of ace normal. Hardy regular internal parking, the crystalline state. Law of rational indices. Miller indices and Miller-Bravis. Reference axes, parametral plane Sterographic projections. External symmetry, crystal systems, crystal classes. Primitive and non-primitive cells. Mathematical crystallography for orthogonal reference axes. Angles between planes and directions. Pacing of plane. Crystal Chemistry –  lonic, Covalent, metallic and van der Wall’s bonded crystals, Structures of true metals, geometry of regular packing of spheres.  lonic crystals. NaCl, CaCl, CsCl, lonic Radii.   Covalent crystal-diamond.   Zim’s rule, subgroup metals, solid solution, atomic radii.   Intermetallic differently bonded crystal X-ray Crystallography: Production and properties of X-rays: X-ray tubes, spectral intensity curves, absorption filters, interpretation of characteristic lines, absorption edges.   Health hazard, Fluorescence radiography. Principles of Diffraction, atomic Scattering, Bragg’s equation, missing reflections. Laue photographs –  powder Cameras, appearance of photographs resolution of doublet. Indexing of pattern (Sin2θ vs log methods). Appearance of patterns from PIF structures. Indexing hexagonal, tetragonal patterns. Deformation of Lattice Parameters: Nelson-Piley Plots, Accuracy attainable.   Foccusion cameras A.S.T.M index, phase diagrams, superlattice stress analysis of mixtures. Pole figures, fibre texture: charts.

MME 352 – METALLURGICAL THERMODYNAMICS                                                                            2 CREDITS

Objectives and limitations of classical thermodynamics. Calculation of work for various thermodynamics.  Processes.  Heat capacities.  Thermochemistry.  Hess’s law. Kirchoff’s law.  Second law of thermodynamics. Efficiency of cyclicprocess. Equation of state.  Statistical interpretation of entropy.   Free energy functions.   Gibbs-Helmbioltz equation.   Maxwell’s relations. Third law of thermodynamics. Fugacity, activity and equilibrium constant. Van Hoff’s isotherm. Variation of equilibrium constant with temperature. Clausius – Clapeyron’s equation. Ellingham diagrams and application.   Thermodynamic solutions.   Raoult’s law. Henry’s law. Sievert’s law. Properties of ideal solutions. Chemical potentials.   Partial Molar properties and their inter-relations.   Gibbs – Duhem equation and its integration.   Actual solutions.   Regular solutions.   Excess thermodynamic properties. Application to phase diagrams. Derivation of phase rule. Thermodynamics of Electrochemical cells.   Nernst equation.  Emf method of measurement of Thermodynamic properties. Transport number, conductance, nonmobility and their interpretation.  Kinetics of Metallurgical reactions.   Collision theory   of Absolute reaction rates.  Order and molecularity of reactions. Determination of order. Catalysis and chemical reactions.

MEE 362: WELDING AND JOINING TECHNOLOGY                                                                                              2 CREDITS

Introduction: Role of welding and brazing in manufacturing processes. Welding: Types of welding processes – gas, arc, resistance, flash, friction and electroslag welding tec. Brief treatment of new processes such as explosive, plasma arc and electro-beam welding. Weld rods and fluxes protective atmospheres, welding defects and weldability of metals and alloys. Effect of welding processes and parameters on the structure and mechanical properties of weldments. Heat treatment of welds. Design of welded joints. Brazing: Scope and limitations, types, processes, brazing alloys, brazing of commercially important ferrous and non-ferrous metals and alloys. Soldering: Processes, soldering alloys and application of soldering techniques. Electrodeposition: Growth of electrodeposits, addition of agents, principles illustrated with cyanide baths, nickel and chromium.

MME372              SOLIDIFICATION & FOUNDRY TECHNOLOGY I                                     2 CREDITS

Processes of freezing:  Nucleation and growth of solid phase:  planar and dendritic growth freezing of alloys; constitutional supercooling.  Solidification of two-phase alloy; structure of cast alloy; effect of cast structure on properties; segregation in ingots. Casting techniques and finishing operations; defects in casting.

Types of Foundry: sand casting, gravity die casting, pressure die casting, investment casting, lost-wax method. Moulds: sand mould, permanent mould. Foundry Materials: sand, clay (bentonite), parting powder. Gating and Risering.

MEE 372: COMPUTER GRAPHICS                                                                                                                               2 CREDITS

AutoCAD Fundamentals: Keyboard commands and Methods of choosing commands; Starting a new drawing; Basic drawing techniques. Object Construction and Manipulation: Methods of selecting Drawing and Editing commands. Geometric Construction, Shapedescription Multiview projection: Shapes description; Relationship Between views; Line types and Convention; One-view Drawings; Two- view Drawings; Three-view Drawings, Fillets and Rounds, Chamfers, Runout. Dimensioning Techniques: Dimensions basics; Placement of Dimensions; Dimensioning Isometric Drawings; Tolerances; Geometric Dimensioning Isometric Drawings; Tolerance; Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing (G D & T.); General Dimensioning Symbols; Character Mapping for Dimension symbols; Generating Dimension Symbols Grip and Dimension; The Dimension Styles Dialog Box. Analyzing 2D Drawings: Using Inquiry, STATUS and Time Commands. Isometric Drawings: Isometric Basics; Isometric Modes; Isoplane Aids; Crating Isometric Circles; Basic Isometric Circles; Creating Angles in Isometric Drawing; Isometric Construction Using Ellipses; Creating Isometric Sections; Exploded Isometric Views; Isometric Assemblies


ELA 301 – MATERIALS LABORATORY I                                                                                       2 CREDITS

Introduction to study of materials by light and x-ray. Examination of structure and relationship of structure to mode of fabrication. Fundamentals of metals forming and heat-treatment operations, Metallography.

ELA 302  – MATERIALS LABORATORY II                                                                                    2 CREDITS

Physical tests: tensile, creep, hardness, fatigue and fracture. Measurement of electrical and thermal conductivity. Fractography (use of SEM).


EMA481: ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS V                                                                                            3 CREDITS

Complex Analysis: Complex variables, complex function of a real variable, elementary function and a complex variable. Differentiation of complex variables, Cauchy-Riemann equations, Laplace equations. Analytic and Harmonic functions, Integrations of complex variables, Cauchy’s integral theorem, poles and residues, conformal mapping, simple examples of expansion in Taylor and Laurent series.

Nonlinear differential equations and calculus of variation: Stability of linear system and the phase portraits, long term behavior of the solution of non-differential linear equations deducted from related linear systems.

Calculus of variations: The geometry of curved space, Lagrange’s equation and application, Hamilton principles and geodesic problems, Riemannian Geometry.

Probability and Statistics:

  • Probability: Probability laws, conditional probability and dependence of events. Discrete and continuous probability distribution, the distribution function, Expected values moments, standard deviations, binomial, poison and normal distribution.
  • Statistics: Regression and Correlation, the method of least squares, linear and curvilinear regression. Correlation, total, partial and multiple, large sampling theory, sampling distribution of mean, proportion, difference proportion, difference of two means and proportions.
  • Hypothesis testing: Type I and II Errors, power of a test. Large sample testing concerning the mean, proportion, difference of two means and proportions.
  • Quality Control

MME 411: MATERIAL TESTING & EXPERIMENTAL TECHNIQUES                                   2 CREDITS

Tension; Compression; Impact; Bending; Torsion; Hardness; Fatigue; Creep; Viscoelasticity; and Non-Destructive Evaluation (NDE).

Thermal Analysis Methods, e.g. dilatometry, thermogravimetry (TG), differential thermal analysis (DTA), thermomechanical analysis (TMA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermal conductivity analysis (TCA) and laser flash analysis (LFA) for thermal diffusivity in materials engineering.

Principles and techniques of optical microscopy, electron microscopy and scanning-probe microscopy. X-ray diffraction and neutron diffraction.

Materials analytical techniques and instruments: Principles and applications of X-ray spectroscopy, Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy, Pyrometry.

Temperature measurement and control.

Techniques of surface examination [touch, microscopy (optical and electron), surface profilometry (contact and optical)]; Quantifying roughness; Structure of real surfaces.

Experimental stress Analysis; statistical design of experiments and interpretations of results.

MME 421: PHYSICAL METALLURGY II                                                                                      3 CREDITS

Classification of Transformation: Order of transformation, classification by structural and kinetics features.  Generalized approach to a reaction equation.  Free energy consideration and the equilibrium diagram.           nucleation: Random, nonrandom, site-saturation, measurement.  Growth morphology of particles, lamellar growth. Partitioning, coalescence, measurement. Hardening Mechanism & Heat Treatment: precipitation hardening, dispersion hardening, solid solution, decomposition of solid solutions. Entected transformation. Decomposition of austenite on continuous cooling and isothermally, hardenability. Theory of martensitic transformation, microstructure of martensite and tempered martensite, massive and baintic transformation. Tempering: Effects of alloying elements in special steels, secondary hardening, controlled transformation in steels, physical metallurgy of alloy steel. Metallurgy of miraging steels.  Temper brittleness, overheating and burning of steels, superplasticity. Carburizing: mathematical treatment of carburizing.

MME 431 – DEFORMATION AND FRACTURE MECHANICS                                                              2 CREDITS

Fundamentals of materials science and solid mechanics applied to selected subjects in fracture, major topics include linear-elastic, elastic-plastic, and fully plastic fracture mechanics, fatigue, creep rupture and creep crack growth and environmentally assited fracture.  Emphasis shall be placed on relating the microscopic (continuum) characterizations.

MME 451: CHEMICAL METALLURGY                                                                                        2 CREDITS

Application of chemical and thermodynamic methods and principles of the treatment of important metallurgical processes.  Classification of extractive metallurgy processes.  Gas-solid reaction, slag-metal reaction, oxide reduction, segregation, distribution, vacuum degassing. Examples taken from metallurgy of common metals. Thermodynamics and kinetics of hydrometallurgical processes; leaching and solvent extraction.

MME 461 – ELECTRO CHEMISTRY AND CORROSION                                                          3 CREDITS

Basic concept of corrosion and socio-economic implication.   Introduction to the thermodynamics and kinetics of Electro chemical corrosion of metals and alloys. Corrosion – Theoretical Aspects, Electrolysis.   Principles.   Faradays laws and their application. Current Efficiency. Energy efficiency. Ion conductivity, Equivalent and Molar conductivity.   Ionic mobilities and Transport Numbers.   Electrode potential, Equilibrium potentials-EMF series.   Polarization.   Over Voltage / Over Potential. Activation.  Concentration.  Ohmic Polarization.   Effect of Polarization on Electrode processes.  Corrosion as an irreversible electrode process.   Tafels Equation.  Tafels slopes.  Effect of Temperature, composition and concentration   of the Corrosive media. Kinetics of electrode processes (briefly). Passivity. Galvanic cells with solid electrolytes. Oxidation – metal rate laws. Wanger’s theory of parabolic oxidation.  Application to oxidation of copper, zinc and sulphidaton or silver oxidation kinetics – low temperature and high temperature. Electrode processes.   Cathodic.  Technical processes.   Brief classification.   Anodic Technical process.   Corrosion-Electrochemical aspects of Corrosion.   Corrosion Cells/Electrochemical cells. Concentration Cells. Temperature Cells. Determination of Electrode potential.   Thermodynamic Aspects-Nernst Equation.   Helmholtz equation.   Galvanic series.   Displacement equilibrium and its significance in Corrosion processes. Potential-pH, Fe-H2O diagram. E-I diagrams for prediction of Corrosion currents.   Polarization Resistance Linear Polarization technique for evaluation of icorr. Corrosion – Practical Aspects.   Importance.   Direct and Indirect losses.   Types and Forms of Corrosion. Uniform Corrosion. Pitting Corrosion. Galvanic Corrosion, and Intergranular Corrosion.   Stress Corrosion Cracking.   Cavitation Erosion.   Erosion Corrosion. Corrosion Fatigue. Differential aeration Corrosion. Corrosion Rate expressions. Testing Methods. Effect of velocity, flowrate. Concentration, temperature and inhibitors and corrosion rates. Corrosion rate calculations. Corrosion prevention. 1) Design aspects 2) Alteration of Environment -inhibitors 3) Alteration of the Materials-Pure metals-alloys, Non-metallic as structural materials – Reinforcement of the material for reducing Corrosion rates. 4) Surface protection. Electroplating Principles – Throwing power and its evaluation. Commercial plating of Cu, Ni, Cr, Cd.  Zn.  Ag.  Au.   Electrodeposition of alloys plating structure of electrodeposits and testing of deposits.   5)  Anodic oxidation of Aluminium and its alloys.   Commercial anodizing process.   Faults in the Anodic coatings and the remedies. Treatment after anodizing. 6) Cathodic and Anodic Protection. Treatment of environmental degradation of non-metals (ceramics, concrete, wood, polymer and silicate glasses). Discussion of current materials degradation problems in marine environments, the petroleum industry, aviation and automobile industries; Energy conversion and generating system.

MME471:   HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER                                                                                                                 2 CREDITS

Basic heat transfer equations and mechanisms. Steady and unsteady state heat transfer. Application of dimensional analysis to heat flow. Basic equation of mass transfer. Mass transfer coefficients and models. Mass transfer between multiple phases. Applications of principles of heat and mass transfer in process metallurgy e.g. continuous castings, castings in general, heat and reheating of slabs and ingots etc. Use of finite element method for estimating heat distribution in a slab.

CED300: ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT                                                                     2 CREDITS

ELA 401: MATERIALS LABORATORY III                                                                                     2 CREDITS

Composition determination and materials characterization, casting, casting defects, moulding sand constituents’ formulation and testing, joining processes –  welding& brazing, non – destructive evaluation of integrity of weld, – dye penetrant, magnetic particle inspection, corrosion testing, Wear etc.


MME 511 – IRON & STEEL TECHNOLOGY                                                                                               3 CREDITS

Review of global production profile and price variation and economic importance of ferrous alloys. Raw materials; occurrence, distribution and classification of iron ores in Nigeria. Evaluation of raw materials, preparation of iron ores, concentration:  agglomeration techniques. Sintering principles – sinter machine and its efficiency. Types of sinter. Raw materials requirement. Pelletizing, bonding mechanism. Blast furnace and accessories, description of modern blast furnace.  Design of blast furnace, stoves, gas cleaning systems, charging system. Blast furnace instruments and Refractories. Distribution of burden in blast furnace. Physical Chemistry and Chemistry Reaction and Ellignam Diagram. Distribution of elements in molten metal and slag. Constitution of blast furnace slags, properties and uses. Blast furnace operations, irregularities and corrections. Modern developments in blast furnace practice and methods of increasing production.  Alternate routes of production of pig iron; electric process, low shaft furnace, production of sponge iron by Hyl process.  SL/RN Process, midrex process, kiln process; corex, fast melt, etc uses of sponge iron. Production of wrought iron. Early steel making processes –  cementation and crucible processes.  Chemistry and principles of steel making processes.  Theories of slag.  Oxidation of Si, Mn and C. Desulphurisation, dephosphorisation and deoxidation. Survey of modern steel making processes; converter steel making process:  LD, LD-AC, Kaldo, Rotor, Q-BOP and electric furnace steel making their advantages and limitations.  Brief EAF process, construction, lining and operation.  Brief outline of manufacture of alloy steel – production of ferrous alloys-  Fe-  Si, Fe-Mn, Fe-V, Fe-W Quality steel making; Vacuum degassing of metals.  Secondary steel making. Casting process.  Pit-side process and teeming methods. Ingot moulds. Solidification of steel, ingot defect and remedies. Continuous casting of steels.

MME521 – COMPOSITE MATERIALS                                                                                                        2 CREDITS

Introduction; Classification of composite materials

Fibres and matrices: Introduction, carbon fibres, organic fibres; Thermosetting resin, thermoplastics, ceramics and metals; Particulate and whisker reinforcements.

Fibre-Matrix interface:  Theories of Adhesion-Adsorption and wetting, Interfacial bonding, Measurement of bond strength.

Unidirectional laminae-continuous fibres; short fibre composites; strength of unidirectional laminae and laminates; strength of short fibre composites.

Toughening mechanisms: Crack bowing, crack deflection, Debonding, Pull-out, Wake-toughening, Microcrack toughening, Transformation toughening.

MME 531 – ENGINEERING PLASTICITY                                                                                    2 CREDITS

Yield Criteria: Tresca’s maximum shear and Von Mises maximum shear-strain energy Criteria:  relationship between tensile yield stress of yielding.  Slip-line Field Theory: Stress evaluation using slip-line field; Hencky equations and determination of Stress and slip-line at the free boundary surface.  Frictionless boundary interface, Boundary interface with Coulomb friction and boundary interface with fullsticking or maximum friction. Plan and Hill slip-line field evaluations: Derivation of Geringer’s velocity equations. Principles of the upper Bound theorem. Upper bound analysis of simple upsetting using an admissible parallel velocity upper boundary principle under plane strain conditions; Application of Upper boundtheory to plane strain conditions; Application of Upper bound theory to plane strain indentation, extrusion and forging.

MME541: INTRODUCTION TO NANOTECHNOLOGY                                                                                          2 CREDITS

Nanomaterials: introduction, synthesis, processing, properties and applications; Special nanomaterials e.g. porous silicon, biological nanomaterials, fullerenes, nanocomposites, etc.

Characterization and testing; nanodevices e.g. microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), bio-MEMS, etc.

Applications in medicine, electronics, energy (solar cells and light emitting devices), water purification (nanno-porous filters, bio-oxidants), and any other areas.

Molecular nanotechnology.

MME 551 –METALLURGICAL PROCESS AND PLANT DESIGN                                          2 CREDITS           

Metallurgical process synthesis (process sequence and layout), plant design, principles of plant design, process equipment design and specifications, economic analysis of alternative processes, computer aided process design and simulation, application of optimization principles to specific metallurgical engineering problems, design case studies – application of scientific and engineering knowledge to practical design problems, safety aspects of plant design.  Environment issues in process and plant design

MME561: BIOMATERIALS                                                                                                                                             2 CREDITS

Introduction to biomaterials and their biomedical applications: Metals, Ceramics, polymers, composites and natural materials etc. Basic introduction to cellular response on implant material: the biological aspects of in vitro biocompatibility of synthetic and biologically altered materials with tissues and cells of the human body. Introduction to tissue engineering. Fundamental engineering and biological principles involved in tissue engineering. Modern techniques in tissue engineering. Basic principles of biomaterials design and development.

MME571: FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS                                                                                                                        2 CREDITS

Introduction; the important role played by functional materials in a wide range of application areas including energy, communications, and transport. Materials to be studied will encompass a selection from ferroelectric, piezoelectric and dielectric ceramics; ionic and electronic conducting ceramics; semiconductors; magnetic, superconducting and magnetostrictive materials.

The important underlying scientific concepts for each material and application area will be elucidated.  A number of key technologically important applications such as fuel cells, solar cells, and optical and magnetic data storage media will be studied in detail.  The transport area will include the role of magnets and superconductors in magnetic levitation (maglev), and magnets, magnetostrictives and piezoelectrics for automobile applications.  Functional ceramic materials will be introduced for a range of communication and environmental monitoring applications.  In each case fabrication and processing routes appropriate for each group of materials in the particular application area or device will be introduced and the important links between processing, microstructure and properties will be

quantified.  The range of applications will require detailed exploration of thin film, thick film, bulk and fibre processing routes, and exploration of specialised fabrication routes for magnetic, superconductor and functional ceramic materials.

MME581: NUCLEAR MATERIALS                                                                                                                                2 CREDITS

Atomic structures; Nuclear structure and Binding forces; The decay of radioactive nuclei; Introduction to nuclear reactions. Classification and use of reactors; Reactor components and materials; The behaviour of fuel, moderator, reflector shielding, control rod and structural materials in nuclear reactors environments with emphasis on the mechanism and effects of radiation damage – swelling and structural changes.

MME512              NON-FERROUS EXTRACTIVE METALLURGY                                           2 CREDITS

Introduction, review of Non-ferrous Mineral wealth of Nigeria.  Primary and Secondary metal wining:  General methods of Extraction: Pyrometallurgy, Roasting, types of roasting equipment and methods. Smelting, smelting furnaces. Principles of refining.  Use of vacuum.  Zone refining, vacuum refining –  and remelting, electron beam melting, electro slag refining. Hydrometallurgy, advantages and disadvantages.

Principles of leaching, leaching kinetics and factors affecting leaching.

Electrometallurgy, classification of process, cementation, electro refining, and electro deposition.

Treatment of Extraction of some Important Non-Ferrous Metals:

Aluminum: uses, ores, bayer’s process of aluminum production.  Hall-Heroult process.  Cryoxite and carbon electrode manufacture. Hapes process of refining.

ALCOA processes. New processes.

Copper uses: Pyro-metallurgical processes.  New processes.  Flashing melting.

WOCRA and Noranda processes. Hydrometallurgy of copper.

Lead: Uses: ore treatment and production of metal.

Zinc: Uses: Pyrometallurgical and Hydro-metallurgical extraction methods. Imperial smelting.

Nickel: Brief description of Ni extraction from surphide ores, treatment of light structural metals e.g. magnesium. Ores, uses, concentration, smelting and refining.

Uranium: Extraction of uranium, production flow sheet of zirconium,  Titanium, thorium, plutonium etc.

Production flow sheet for the extraction of gold and silver.

Nuclear reactor technology. Fuel for nuclear reactions. Basic components of a reactor.

Characteristic and requirements.  Types of reactors. Environmental and economic

consideration in choice of production methods.

MME 522 – POWDER METALLURGY, CERAMICS & GLASSES                                          2 CREDITS

Powder metallurgy – preparation, pressing. Sintering and principles. One-phase and two-phase systems.  Applications of powder metallurgy, advantages and limitations, sintered carbide. –  Ceramics, Glass & Wood forming techniques & equipment.  Composite technology – principles and types – Economic and environmental aspect of materials processing.  e.g.  service requirement, source of information, case instances.

MME 532 – MECHANICS OF METAL FORMING                                                                    2 CREDITS

Mechanics of some forming processes: Open and closed die forging in plane strain: bar or wire drawing and strip drawing, various techniques of tube making, deep drawing, rolling metal – forming friction. Lubrication:  principle of metal – forming friction. Hydrodynamic lubrication: boundary layer lubrication: extreme pressure, and solid phase lubrication.

MME  542 – TRANSPORT PHENOMENA IN            MATERIALS PROCESSING                            3 CREDITS

Introduction to momentum, heat and mass transfer with examples from process metallurgy. Molecular transport properties: viscosity, thermal conductivity and mass diffusivity. Simple overall mechanical energy balances, elements of laminar flow and turbulent flow.  Steady and unsteady conduction problems, forced and natural convection, heat transfer coefficient and radiative heat transfer. Definition of binary diffusivity, definition of binary diffusivity, convection mass transfer and mass transfer coefficient. Solution techniques will include digital computer methods.

MME552              FAILURE & MATERIAL SELECTION ANALYSIS                                        3 CREDITS

Introduction to concept of failure in materials, common causes of failures

Design errors, improper material, improper heat treatments, manufacturing defects, inadequate quality assurance, inadequate environmental protection/control, assembly errors, misuse or abuse.

Failure mechanisms – fatigue, creep and stress rupture, corrosion/stress corrosion cracking, ductile and brittle fractures, hydrogen embrittlement, liquid metal embrittlement.

Basic sequence in failure analysis:  forensic metallurgy, failure analysis methods – destructive evaluation and nondestructive evaluation.

Litigation arising from failure of plants/process.

Selection of materials for engineering systems based on constitutive functional requirements and materials property.  The role and implication of processing in material selection.

Case studies.

MME562: CORROSION MONITORING AND CONTROL                                                                                      2 CREDITS

Corrosion testing techniques: Weight loss, resistance method, polarization techniques viz Tafel method, Stern-Geary polarization resistance method, potentiostat and its application to corrosion studies.

Corrosion monitoring techniques; Non-destructive evaluation of corroded structures.

Pretreatment and design for metal finishing, types and application of metal coatings, organic (paint), inorganic, metallic, chemical conversion coatings and miscellaneous coatings.

Inhibitors, Cathodic and anodic protection.

Case studies; Application of protection techniques to oil installations.

MME572: FOUNDRY TECHNOLOGY II                                                                                                                      2 CREDITS

Furnace change calculations: trial and error, analytical and graphical methods.

Fluidity: influence of molten metal characteristics and casting parameters.

Solidification rate, time and Chvorinov’s rule. Shrinkage and segregation.

Casting Design. Gating system: elements, gating methods, determination of cross-sections of gating elements. Risering; design, curve; principles of effective risering, determination of various sections and placement.

Application of computer in foundry.

MME582: RHEOLOGY                                                                                                                                                     2 CREDITS

Introduction to the basis of mechanical testing of viscous liquids, pastes, review of slags in process metallurgy and materials industries. Fundamentals of rheology. Theoretical basis of rheometry, rheology of suspensions, instrumentations for viscosity measurements and other rheological properties in the laboratory. Flow of non-Newtonian fluids in pipes and application in plastic industries.